A Few Art Terms and the Color Wheel

Art Terms

Here are a few important art terms that are good for children in elementary school to begin to become familiar with. Although there are several terms that are good to know, these are the very basics.

1.) Line- A line is an identifiable path moving in space. It can vary in width, length, and distance

2.) Color- When light is reflected off of an object, color is what the eye sees. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue. The secondary colors are orange, purple, and green.

3.) Value- Shadows, darkness, contrasts, and light are all value of art work.

4.) Shade- Using a mixture of black mixed with color to make it darker. The opposite of shade is tint.

5.) Horizon Line- Where the sky and the  meet                                                              

6.) Symmetry- When one side of something is identical to the other side    

7.) Asymmetry- Opposite of symmetrical, no sides are identical

8.) Perspective- Creates the feeling of depth through the use of lines that make your image appear to be three- dimensional. The closer the image is, the more detailed it will appear, and the larger it will be.

9.) Horizontal Lines - Lines that run parallel such as ====

10.) Vertical Lines- Lines that run up and down such as ||||||||

11.) Hue- Another name for color

12.) Tint- Adding white to a color

13.) Tone- Adding gray to a color

 Value Scale Symmetry


Color Wheel

A color wheel is an organization of color hues around a circle to show relationships between colors

Color Definitions

Primary Colors- Red, yellow, and blue. These colors cannot be mixed from any of the other colors.

Secondary Colors- Two primary colors mixed together resulting in orange, green, and violet.

Tertiary Colors- One primary and one secondary color mixed together

Warm Colors- Reds, oranges, yellows

Cool Colors (receding colors)- Greens, blues, and violets

Color Relationships

Mono-chromatic- Using any shade, tint, or tone of one color

Analogous- Using any shades, tints, or tones of colors that lie adjacent to each other on the wheel

Complementary Colors- Combining a shade, tint ot tone of one color and the color opposite on the wheel. Example: Green and Red

Split Complementary- Choosing one color and using the color on each side of its complement on the color wheel

Diad- Using two colors that are two colors apart on the color wheel

Triad- Color scheme in which three colors equally spaced from eachother

Tetrad- A contrast of four or more colors on the wheel

(a few definitions were provided by http://www.artincanada.com/arttalk/arttermsanddefinitions.html )

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