What is Lathe Machine? - Alnoor Machinery.com

What is Lathe Machine? - Alnoor Machinery.com

A lathe is a machine that turns the metal workpiece on a chuck (clamping piece), with tools (chisels) machining the metal to eventually form a symmetrical workpiece.

Modern lathes Machiner is usually computer controlled (CNC), where the operations of the lathe are programmed by an operator.

Turning is a process that can be performed on the outside as well as on the inside such as internal turning. (Turning from the inside) There are a number of different types of turning processes, all of which can be implemented on a modern lathe, including roughing, finishing, drilling, flattening, grooving, threading, knurling and parting operations

 

A lathe is usually used to machine semi-finished products, such as rough round shafts, to turn them into a certain shape, which are then used in a composite whole.

In maintenance workshops you often also see lathes, these are usually used for repair purposes of machines in production.

 

A wide variety of materials can be machined on a lathe, such as brass, stainless steel and copper, to more complex materials.

 

The choice of lathe is determined by the application, in other words the type, complexity and size of the part to be manufactured, along with the material being machined. For example, small and simple parts made of stainless steel, such as a pipe fitting, can be manufactured on a simple conventional lathe, but when manufacturing complex contours, it is better to purchase a controlled (CNC) machine, although the cost it entails for a CNC it is worth considering outsourcing this to wage turners. Especially if you occasionally make small series`s, a CNC is quickly too expensive to purchase.

 

Lathes are regularly sold new, the “old” exchanged, these usually go to companies where the exact accuracy of hundredth or tenth is not really an issue.

These are often mechanization or contractors, sometimes these are companies that cannot / do not want to pay the price for a new machine.

 

Most new lathes are manufactured in Asia, many lathe factories have disappeared from Europe in recent years, simply because they could no longer compete with the low production costs from Asia.

Well-known European brands are TOS and ZMM lathes, both East European production.

Asian lathes are sold under many brand names, we carry our Asian benches under the BMH name (Besten machines Haarle), from the factory you see the name CD6240, CD6250 or CD6266, CS6266C

These machines have, just like the European brands, also been induction hardened and ground bed track, this extends the service life, but also the turning accuracy is guaranteed.

Tags: BMH lathe, Caseneuve lathe, Hembrug lathe.A lathe is a machine tool that rotates or spins the metal workpiece around an axis of rotation, with tools machining the metal to eventually form a symmetrical workpiece.

Modern lathes are usually computer controlled (CNC), where the operations of the lathe are programmed by an operator.

Turning is a process that can be implemented on an external surface of the workpiece or internally during operations such as internal turning. There are a number of different types of turning processes, all of which can be implemented on a modern lathe, including roughing, finishing, drilling, flattening, grooving, threading, knurling and parting operations

 

What are lathes used for?

A lathe or turning center is used in a wide variety of manufacturing operations to make round parts or components of different sizes. The turned parts are often only part of a final system or sub-assembly and may include piston rods for an automotive engine, gas pipe connectors for subsea operations in the oil and gas sector, rotating shafts for an aerospace engine, or bone screws for a medical engine.

 

Which materials can be machined on a lathe

A wide variety of materials can be machined on a lathe such as brass, stainless steel and copper, to more complex materials including super alloys, such as Inconel. In recent years, composites, such as carbon fibers, which are often used in the manufacture of aerospace components, have also gained popularity

 

How do I choose the right lathe?

The choice of lathe is determined by the application, in other words the type, complexity and size of the part to be manufactured, along with the material being machined. For example, small and simple parts made of stainless steel, such as a pipe fitting, can be fabricated on a simple lathe, such as the Alnoor Machinery QT PRIMOS series of machines.

Larger and more complex operations require more complex machines. For example, Alnoor Machinery 's MEGA TURN series machines are designed to efficiently machine larger workpieces, such as parts used in construction equipment, jet engines and parts for the energy sector

Cutting force is also an important determining factor in the choice of a lathe. Harder materials, such as Inconel, require heavy machining capacity, including increased stiffness, found in lathes such as the SLANT TURN NEXUS

 

Can a lathe also perform other operations?

Modern lathes can also perform other operations, such as milling prismatic or square components, where the workpiece remains static and the tool performs the cutting operation. A milling machine, such as Alnoor Machinery -series, can perform multiple operations - Alnoor Machinery calls this 'Multi-Tasking' - on a single part or workpiece. This has the advantage of being a DONE-IN-ONE operations, with fewer setups and less programming time to increase cycle times and productivity.

 

Alnoor Machinery Make lathe

Alnoor Machinery has a range of lathes suitable for a wide variety of applications, from 2 axis models to turning centers equipped with driven tools, Y axis and second spindle. Alnoor Machinery 's entry-level lathe, the QUICK TURN PRIMOS offers compact and powerful performance with a 5,000 rpm main spindle. Likewise, the QUICK TURN series and QT Compact offer all the benefits of state-of-the-art turning technology coupled with milling to machine a DONE-IN-ONE.

As the requirements for more complex parts increase, Alnoor Machinery lathes increase in size, power and capabilities. The HQR range has two tool revolvers and two spindles for optimized cycle times, ideal for producing larger volumes by performing both turning and milling operations at the same time

The MULTIPLEX lathes, ideal for large-scale production, has two turning spindles that can handle two parts at the same time machining. Continuous simultaneous machining by both spindles is possible, thanks to the automatic transfer of the workpiece from one spindle to the other.