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What are copyright, plagiarism, and Fair Use?

                                Image result for copyright, plagiarism, fair use

 

All of these terms are different laws or rules put in place to protect original authors or publishers. These definitions are from The Merriam-Webster Dictionary. The definitions for each term are listed below.

 

  • Copyright - is the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.
  • Plagiarism - is the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.
  • Fair Use - is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.

 

Below are two videos on copyright, plagiarism and fair use. There are two different levels to the videos for parents and teachers to show to children. Under each video, there are some sample questions for a parent or teacher to ask their children to check for understanding of copyright, plagiarism and fair use.

 

                 

Copyright & Fair Use {Elementary}

                                                               

• What is an example of creative work protected by copyright?
• What is a copyright? If something is copyrighted but you still want to use it, what do you need to make sure to do?
• What is the main purpose of copyright?
• To demonstrate the concept of gravity, a science teacher shows her class a two-minute clip from a popular movie. The use of this work is most likely an example of what?
• Why is it a good idea to get the author's permission to use a creative work, even if you think it may be fair use?
• Have you ever been in a situation -- perhaps unknowingly -- when you used someone else’s work and didn’t appropriately give credit? What could you have done differently? 

 

Copyright & Fair Use {Secondary}

• What counts as someone else’s “creative work”? Writing? Photos? Drawing? Poems? Comments? Music? 
• Have you ever had an experience when someone didn’t give you credit for your creative work? What would you want people to do if they wanted to use your creative work -- perhaps a song or something else you wrote or a picture you took? 
• What is a copyright? If something is copyrighted but you still want to use it, what do you need to make sure to do?
• The narrator talks about four points of fair use. Which of the four points do you think is hardest to always do? 
• What is a “mash-up”? What should you do if you want to use someone else’s work as part of your mash-up? 
• Have you ever been in a situation -- perhaps unknowingly -- when you used someone else’s work and didn’t appropriately give credit? What could you have done differently?

 

 

 

Resources:

Anna Independent School District Achieving Excellence Together. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://annaisd.org/parents/digital_citizenship/copyright_and_fair_use

 

Webster, N. (1977). The Merriam-Webster dictionary. New York: Pocket Books.

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