4/14th (A) and 4/15th (B)
Difference between phrase and clause: Phrases do not have subjects and verbs. Clauses have subjects and verbs.
Difference between independent clauses and subordinate clauses: Independent is like a sentence. Subordinate is like a fragment.
1. Independent clauses=simple sentence
2. independent clause + independent clause (joined by comma and conjunction)=compound sentence
3. Independent clause +at least one subordinate clause=complex sentence
3 kinds of subordinate clauses are 1. adverb subordinate clause 2. adjective subordinate clause 3. noun subordinate clause
What is an adverb subordiante clause? 1. has a subject and verb. 2. cannot stand alone. 3. starts with s subordinating conjunction
subordinating conjunctions: after, although, *as, as if, *before, because, as long as, as soon as, as far as, as though, even though, in order that, *since, so that, than, though, *till, *until, unless, when, whenever, while, if
*These words can sometimes be prepositions. They are subordinate clauses when they have a subject and verb and they are prepositions when they have an object. Ex. until the bell rings = subordinate clause b/c it has a subject and verb and until the bell = prepositional phrase b/c it has an object.
4. the adverb clause answers how, when, where, to what extent, why, under what conditions
Most of the time adverb clauses modify the verb of the independent clause unless the clause starts with than or as. Then the clause will modify a predicate adjective or an adverb.
3/25th (A) and 3/27th (B)
Difference Between Independent and Subordinate Clauses
A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb.
2 kinds of clauses are independent and subordiante (sometimes called dependent.)
Independent clauses: 1. have a subject and a verb. 2. express a complete thought. 3. is like a sentence.
Ex. I like pizza.
Subordinate clauses: 1. have a subject and a verb. 2. does NOT express a complete thought. 3. is like a fragment.
Ex. Because I like pizza What I saw
*In order to make a sentence, a subordinate clause must hook onto an independent clause.
Because we like pizza, we visit Pizza Hut often.
Subordinate clauses start with words like
|after||as soon as||than||whom|
|as if||even though||unless||which|
|before||in order that||until||that|
|as long as||till||whenever|
|as far as||so that||who|
3/23rd (A) and 3/24th (B)
Run on Sentences
A run-on sentence is 2 sentences put together as if they are one.
Sometimes a comma separates it. This is called a comma splice.
Example of a run-on: We had a good spring break it was fun.
Example of a comma splice: We went to the game, then we went to the movies.
3 Ways to Correct Run-Ons
1. Make two sentences. We had a good spring break. It was fun.
2. Use a semicolon to separate the two independent clauses. We had a good spring break; it was fun.
3. Make a compound sentence using a comma and a conjunction to join the two independent clauses. We had a good spring break, and it was fun.