Chapter 4 Exam Review

Ecology Chapter 4 Exam Review
 
True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 
____          1.         Gasoline is not made from natural resources.
 
____          2.         Gasoline does not contribute to air pollution.
 
____          3.         Aluminum, like other metals, is a nonrenewable resource.
 
____          4.         Plastic can be recycled to make other products.
 
____          5.         The most reliable source of energy for life on Earth is the Sun.
 
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
____          6.         Which of the following would help conserve natural resources?
a.
using solar panels
b.
recycling plastic bottles
c.
ridding the environment of harmful pollutants
d.
all of the above
 
 
____          7.         Which of these sources of energy is NOT renewable?
a.
wind
c.
hydroelectric power
b.
solar power
d.
natural gas
 
 
____          8.         Air can be polluted by ____.
a.
tiny particles of soot
c.
sulfuric acid
b.
carbon monoxide
d.
all of the above
 
 
____          9.         Of the following, which is a natural resource?
a.
minerals
c.
energy
b.
water
d.
all of the above
 
 
____          10.       Which of the following can cause acid precipitation?
a.
the use of solar panels
c.
the use of coal
b.
the use of hydroelectricity
d.
all of the above
 
 
____          11.       Of the following, which is a nonrenewable natural resource?
a.
phosphorus
c.
cotton
b.
wood
d.
water
 
 
____          12.       Of the following, which is a renewable energy resource?
a.
coal
c.
geothermal energy
b.
kerosene
d.
natural gas
 
 
____          13.       Of the following, which helps conserve natural resources?
a.
using a cloth shopping bag instead of a paper bag
b.
riding your bike on short trips around town
c.
planting trees in your front yard
d.
all of the above
 
 
 
Figure 4E-1
 
____          14.       Arrow C in Figure 4E-1 is best described as ____.
a.
solar radiation
c.
heat trapped near Earth's surface
b.
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
d.
chlorofluorocarbons
 
 
____          15.       Arrow A in Figure 4E-1 represents ____.
a.
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
c.
solar radiation
b.
heat trapped near Earth's surface
d.
chlorofluorocarbons
 
 
____          16.       Arrow B in Figure 4E-1 represents ____.
a.
reflected sunlight
c.
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
b.
chlorofluorocarbons
d.
solar radiation
 
 
____          17.       Figure 4E-1 represents the ____.
a.
photovoltaic cell
c.
use of hydroelectric power
b.
greenhouse effect
d.
use of nuclear energy
 
 
____          18.       All of the following are fossil fuels EXCEPT ____.
a.
natural gas
c.
oil
b.
coal
d.
wood
 
 
____          19.       Minerals that recycle extremely slowly are ____.
a.
fossil fuels
c.
renewable resources
b.
nonrenewable resources
d.
all hazardous wastes
 
 
____          20.       Most air pollution results from ____.
a.
the burning of fossil fuels
b.
nuclear energy use
c.
volcanic eruptions
d.
the evaporation of chemicals such as paints and dry-cleaning fluid
 
 
____          21.       The three Rs of conservation are ____.
a.
reduce, reuse, recycle
c.
reuse, reclaim, return
b.
redo, recycle, release
d.
reduce, reserve, resave
 
 
____          22.       To produce hydroelectric power, ____ is needed.
a.
a fossil fuel
c.
Sun
b.
flowing water
d.
wind
 
 
____          23.       An advantage of nuclear energy is that ____.
a.
uranium is a nonrenewable resource
c.
it makes use of the wind
b.
it does not contribute to air pollution
d.
it makes use of hot water from geysers
 
 
Matching
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
nonrenewable resources
f.
greenhouse effect
b.
acid precipitation
g.
global warming
c.
smog
h.
photovoltaic cells
d.
erosion
i.
petroleum
e.
renewable resources
j.
algae bloom
 
 
____          24.       resources that are recycled or replaced by ongoing natural processes
 
____          25.       the heat-trapping feature of the atmosphere
 
____          26.       the movement of soil by wind and water
 
____          27.       a form of air pollution that is created when sunlight reacts with pollutants produced by burning fuels
 
____          28.       natural resources that are used up more quickly than they can be replaced
 
____          29.       has a pH below 5.6
 
____          30.       turn sunlight into electric current
 
____          31.       a rise in Earth's average temperature
 
____          32.       a water pollution problem that leads to the depletion of oxygen from lakes or ponds
 
____          33.       a nonrenewable resource formed mostly from tiny marine organisms
 
Completion
Complete each statement.
 
      34.       The thinning of the ozone layer is called ____________________.
 
      35.       Radon is a source of ____________________ air pollution.
 
      36.       One advantage of hydroelectric power and wind power is that they don't contribute to ____________________ pollution.
 
      37.       ____________________ is the most reliable source of energy for life on Earth.

 
Ecology Chapter 4 Exam Review
Answer Section
 
TRUE/FALSE
 
     1.                   ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    2/1
 
     2.                   ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    2/1
 
     3.                   ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     4.                   ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    9/3
 
     5.                   ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    3/1
 
MULTIPLE CHOICE
 
     6.                   ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    3/1 | 9/3
 
     7.                   ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     8.                   ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     9.                   ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     10.                 ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     11.                 ANS:  A                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     12.                 ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     13.                 ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    8/3
 
     14.                 ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     15.                 ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     16.                 ANS:  A                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     17.                 ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     18.                 ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    2/1
 
     19.                 ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    A         OBJ:    1/1
 
     20.                 ANS:  A                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     21.                 ANS:  A                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    9/3
 
     22.                 ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    3/1
 
     23.                 ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    3/1
 
MATCHING
 
     24.                 ANS:  E                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     25.                 ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     26.                 ANS:  D                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    6/2
 
     27.                 ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     28.                 ANS:  A                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    1/1
 
     29.                 ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     30.                 ANS:  H                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    3/1
 
     31.                 ANS:  G                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    4/2
 
     32.                 ANS:  J                     PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    5/2
 
     33.                 ANS:  I                     PTS:   1                    DIF:    B         OBJ:    2/1
 
COMPLETION
 
     34.                 ANS:  ozone depletion
 
PTS:                    1         DIF:               B        OBJ:               4/2
 
     35.                 ANS:  indoor
 
PTS:                    1         DIF:               B        OBJ:               4/2
 
     36.                 ANS:  air
 
PTS:                    1         DIF:               B        OBJ:               3/1
 
     37.                 ANS:  The Sun
 
PTS:                    1         DIF:               B        OBJ:               3/1