Unit 1- Positioning of the Toes, Foot, and Ankle
Unit 2- Anatomy and Positioning of the Lower Leg, Knee, Femur
Unit 3- Anatomy and Positioning of the Hip and Pelvis
Unit 4- Contrast Media
Unit 5- Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
Unit 6- Anatomy and Positioning of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
Unit 7 - Anatomy of the Vertebral Column, Sacrum and Coccyx
Unit 8 - Positioning of the Lumbar Spine, Sacrum and Coccyx
Unit 9 - Positioning of the Thoracic Spine
Unit 10 - Positioning of the Cervical Spine
Unit Objectives - Positioning of the Toes, Foot and Ankle
At the completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Identify the total number of the individual bones of the foot.
- Identify the individual parts of a phalanx.
- Identify the common location of the sesamoid bones of the foot.
- Understand the numbering/identification of the metatarsals.
- Identify and locate the individual tarsal bones.
- List the alternate names to the following: talus, calcaneus, navicular, individual cuneiforms.
- Identify the anatomical structures which form the ankle.
- Identify the anatomical structures of the distal tibia and fibula.
- Identify the joint types and classifications for the following:
- Identify the location of the transverse and longitudinal arches of the foot.
- Given a diagram of the foot, similar to that which is in Mallett, identify the various labeled parts.
- Understand what is meant by a dorsoplantar versus a plantodorsal projection of the toes and foot.
- Understand the reasoning why posterior angulations of the central ray may be used for AP projections of the toes and/or foot.
- Understand the importance of using tape in radiographing a toe in the lateral position.
- List the bones that are imaged using the Lewis and Causton Methods.
- List the positioning steps and central ray location for the Lewis Method.
- Identify the anatomy which is best demonstrated when using the Broden and Isherwood Methods.
- List the basic positioning steps, central ray locations/angulations and anatomy best demonstrated for the following:
- AP foot
- medial and lateral obliques of the foot
- Grashey Method
- Mediolateral and Lateromedial projections of the foot
- weight bearing feet
- weight bearing composite method
- calcaneus (axial and lateral)
- PA axial oblique projection for subtalar joint
- AP ankle
- mediolateral and lateromedial lateral projections of the ankle
- AP oblique projections of the ankle
- AP oblique projection for the ankle mortise
- List an alternate name for “congenital clubfoot.”
- List the two positions used to radiograph the feet of a child with clubfoot using the Kite Method.
- Understand the importance of not changing the abnormal alignment of the feet when using the Kite Method.
- Other than the Kite Method, list the name of another commonly used method for radiographic demonstration of clubfoot.
- Understand how stress radiographs of the ankle are performed and list what anatomical abnormality/pathology may be demonstrated using this method.