Limited Time Offer: Get 2 Months of ABCmouse.com for only $5!

Chapter 10 Exam Review

Honors
Honors Physical Science Chapter 10 Exam Review
 
Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
 
____   1.          Sound waves do not carry energy. _________________________
 
____   2.         Mechanical waves need a medium through which to transport energy. _________________________
 
____   3.         The particles in a surface water wave move back-and-forth only. _________________________
 
____   4.         Waves in which the particles of medium move at right angles to the direction of the wave are compressional waves. _________________________
 
____   5.         Waves caused by an earthquake are called uniform waves. _________________________
 
____   6.         The troughs of a transverse wave correspond to the compressions of a compressional wave. _________________________
 
____   7.         The lowest point on a transverse is the trough. _________________________
 
____   8.         The amplitude of a wave is measured from the crest of one wave to the crest of the next. _________________________
 
____   9.         If the wavelength of a given wave decreases, you know that its frequency will stay the same. _________________________
 
____   10.       Two waves have the same frequency and wavelength, but the first wave has a greater amplitude. The energy of the first wave is greater than that of the second. _________________________
 
____   11.        Wave A has a greater frequency than wave B, but the amplitude of the two waves is the same. The energy of wave A is greater than that of wave B. _________________________
 
____   12.       The unit for frequency is the meter. _________________________
 
____   13.       The property of light that allows you to see yourself in a mirror is reflection. _________________________
 
____   14.       When light passes from water into air, the light bends away from the normal. _________________________
 
____   15.       When two sound waves are out of phase, the amplitude and loudness increase. _________________________
 
____   16.       The ability of an object to vibrate by reflecting energy is called resonance. _________________________
 
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
____   17.       A wave will travel only as long as it has ____ to carry.
a.
energy
c.
amplitude
b.
mass
d.
matter
 
 
____   18.       When you squeeze together the coils of a spring and then release them, you are creating a ____ wave.
a.
transverse
c.
water
b.
compressional
d.
seismic
 
 
____   19.       Waves in which the particles of the medium move only in the same direction as the motion of the wave are ____ waves.
a.
transverse
c.
water
b.
compressional
d.
seismic
 
 
____   20.       Water waves are ____.
a.
transverse waves
c.
seismic waves
b.
compressional waves
d.
both a and b
 
 
____   21.       Seismic waves are ____ waves.
a.
transverse
c.
uniform
b.
compressional
d.
both a and b
 
 
____   22.       You are creating a wave on a spring. If you start shaking the spring more slowly, the wavelength of the resulting wave will ____.
a.
increase
c.
remain the same
b.
decrease
d.
depend on the amplitude
 
 
____   23.       If you are lying on a raft, and you notice that the number of waves that go past the raft increases, you also find that the distance between each crest ____.
a.
increases
c.
remains the same
b.
decreases
d.
spreads out
 
 
____   24.       Wave A carries more energy than wave B. Wave B has a smaller ____ than wave A.
a.
frequency
c.
amplitude
b.
wavelength
d.
speed
 
 
____   25.       The energy a wave carries is measured by its ____.
a.
wavelength
c.
amplitude
b.
frequency
d.
speed
 
 
____   26.       For a given wave, if the frequency doubles, the wavelength ____.
a.
doubles
c.
is halved
b.
stays the same
d.
quadruples
 
 
____   27.       When light is reflected from a surface, as the angle of incidence increases, the angle of reflection ____.
a.
increases
c.
remains the same
b.
decreases
d.
cannot be determined
 
 
____   28.       You can see this paper, your desk, and the person in front of you because light is being ____.
a.
absorbed
c.
diffracted
b.
refracted
d.
reflected
 
 
____   29.       When a wave passes from a less dense medium to a more dense medium, the ____ may change.
a.
speed
c.
wavelength
b.
frequency
d.
speed, frequency, and wavelength
 
 
____   30.       When the crest of one wave passes through the trough of another wave, ____ takes place.
a.
resonance
c.
constructive interference
b.
diffraction
d.
destructive interference
 
 
____   31.       A tuning fork starts to vibrate when a certain note is played on the piano. This is an example of ____.
a.
resonance
c.
refraction
b.
reflection
d.
diffraction
 
 
Completion
Complete each statement.
 
            32.       Repeating disturbances that transfer energy through matter or space are ____________________.
 
            33.       Light is one type of wave that can travel through empty space to transfer ____________________.
 
            34.       The two types of mechanical waves are ____________________ and ____________________.
 
            35.       When you shake the end of a rope up and down, you create a ____________________ wave.
 
            36.       ____________________ waves can travel through Earth and along Earth's surface.
 
            37.       In a compressional wave, the area where the particles are farthest apart is a ____________________.
 
            38.       The compressions in a compressional wave correspond to the ____________________ of a transverse wave.
 
            39.       If the frequency of a water wave changes, its ____________________ must also change.
 
            40.       The symbol l (lambda) stands for the ____________________.
 
            41.       A line perpendicular to a reflecting surface is called the ____________________.
 
            42.       Refraction and ____________________ both involve the bending of waves.
 
            43.       Constructive interference occurs when the trough of one wave passes through the ____________________ of another wave.
 
            44.       To cause resonance in an object, a wave must vibrate at the ____________________ of the object.
 
Short Answer
 
 
 
Figure 10-1
 
            45.       In Figure 10-1, identify the following structures:
______ wavelength
______ crest
______ amplitude
 
Problem
 
            46.       Speed can be determined by dividing the distance traveled by the time. The water waves in a lake travel 4.4 m in 2.0 s. What is the speed of the waves?
 
            47.       An ocean wave has a frequency of 2.0 Hz with a wavelength of 10 m. What is the velocity of the wave?

 
Honors Physical Science Chapter 10 Exam Review
Answer Section
 
MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE
 
           1.                    ANS: F, do
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           2.                   ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B
OBJ:  1/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            
 
           3.                   ANS: F, in a circle (also accept back-and-forth and up-and-down)
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           4.                   ANS: F, transverse
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           5.                   ANS: F, seismic
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           6.                   ANS: F, rarefactions
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           7.                   ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B
OBJ:  4/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            
 
           8.                   ANS: F, wavelength
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           9.                   ANS: F, increase
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           10.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B
OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            
 
           11.                  ANS: F, equal to
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           12.                  ANS: F, hertz
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           13.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B
OBJ:  3/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            
 
           14.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B
OBJ:  3/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            
 
           15.                  ANS: F, decrease
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           16.                  ANS: F, absorbing
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
MULTIPLE CHOICE
 
           17.                  ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/1
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           18.                  ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           19.                  ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           20.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           21.                  ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           22.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/2
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           23.                 ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/2
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           24.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           25.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           26.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   A         OBJ:   2/2
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           27.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/1
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           28.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/1
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           29.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   A         OBJ:   3/3
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           30.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/4
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
           31.                  ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/4
STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             
 
COMPLETION
 
           32.                 ANS: waves
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           33.                 ANS: energy
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           34.                 ANS: transverse, compressional
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           35.                 ANS: transverse
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           36.                 ANS: Seismic
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           37.                 ANS: rarefaction
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           38.                 ANS: crests
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           39.                 ANS: wavelength
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           40.                 ANS: wavelength
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           41.                  ANS: normal
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           42.                 ANS: diffraction
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           43.                 ANS: trough
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           44.                 ANS: natural frequency
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
SHORT ANSWER
 
           45.                 ANS: 
B, A, C
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
PROBLEM
 
           46.                 ANS: 
V = d/t = 4.4 m/2.0 s = 2.2 m/s
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   A                   OBJ:  2/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
 
           47.                 ANS: 
v = lf = 2.0 Hz ´ 10 m = 20 m/s
 
PTS:   1                     DIF:   A                   OBJ:  2/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2
Get 2 Months for $5!