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Honors
`Honors Physical Science Chapter 10 Exam Review`
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`Modified True/False`
`Indicate whether the statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.`
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`____   1.          Sound waves do not carry energy. _________________________`
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`____   2.         Mechanical waves need a medium through which to transport energy. _________________________`
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`____   3.         The particles in a surface water wave move back-and-forth only. _________________________`
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`____   4.         Waves in which the particles of medium move at right angles to the direction of the wave are compressional waves. _________________________`
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`____   5.         Waves caused by an earthquake are called uniform waves. _________________________`
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`____   6.         The troughs of a transverse wave correspond to the compressions of a compressional wave. _________________________`
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`____   7.         The lowest point on a transverse is the trough. _________________________`
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`____   8.         The amplitude of a wave is measured from the crest of one wave to the crest of the next. _________________________`
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`____   9.         If the wavelength of a given wave decreases, you know that its frequency will stay the same. _________________________`
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`____   10.       Two waves have the same frequency and wavelength, but the first wave has a greater amplitude. The energy of the first wave is greater than that of the second. _________________________`
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`____   11.        Wave A has a greater frequency than wave B, but the amplitude of the two waves is the same. The energy of wave A is greater than that of wave B. _________________________`
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`____   12.       The unit for frequency is the meter. _________________________`
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`____   13.       The property of light that allows you to see yourself in a mirror is reflection. _________________________`
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`____   14.       When light passes from water into air, the light bends away from the normal. _________________________`
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`____   15.       When two sound waves are out of phase, the amplitude and loudness increase. _________________________`
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`____   16.       The ability of an object to vibrate by reflecting energy is called resonance. _________________________`
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`Multiple Choice`
`Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.`
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`____   17.       A wave will travel only as long as it has ____ to carry.`
 `a.` `energy` `c.` `amplitude` `b.` `mass` `d.` `matter`
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`____   18.       When you squeeze together the coils of a spring and then release them, you are creating a ____ wave.`
 `a.` `transverse` `c.` `water` `b.` `compressional` `d.` `seismic`
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`____   19.       Waves in which the particles of the medium move only in the same direction as the motion of the wave are ____ waves.`
 `a.` `transverse` `c.` `water` `b.` `compressional` `d.` `seismic`
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`____   20.       Water waves are ____.`
 `a.` `transverse waves` `c.` `seismic waves` `b.` `compressional waves` `d.` `both a and b`
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`____   21.       Seismic waves are ____ waves.`
 `a.` `transverse` `c.` `uniform` `b.` `compressional` `d.` `both a and b`
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`____   22.       You are creating a wave on a spring. If you start shaking the spring more slowly, the wavelength of the resulting wave will ____.`
 `a.` `increase` `c.` `remain the same` `b.` `decrease` `d.` `depend on the amplitude`
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`____   23.       If you are lying on a raft, and you notice that the number of waves that go past the raft increases, you also find that the distance between each crest ____.`
 `a.` `increases` `c.` `remains the same` `b.` `decreases` `d.` `spreads out`
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`____   24.       Wave A carries more energy than wave B. Wave B has a smaller ____ than wave A.`
 `a.` `frequency` `c.` `amplitude` `b.` `wavelength` `d.` `speed`
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`____   25.       The energy a wave carries is measured by its ____.`
 `a.` `wavelength` `c.` `amplitude` `b.` `frequency` `d.` `speed`
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`____   26.       For a given wave, if the frequency doubles, the wavelength ____.`
 `a.` `doubles` `c.` `is halved` `b.` `stays the same` `d.` `quadruples`
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`____   27.       When light is reflected from a surface, as the angle of incidence increases, the angle of reflection ____.`
 `a.` `increases` `c.` `remains the same` `b.` `decreases` `d.` `cannot be determined`
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`____   28.       You can see this paper, your desk, and the person in front of you because light is being ____.`
 `a.` `absorbed` `c.` `diffracted` `b.` `refracted` `d.` `reflected`
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`____   29.       When a wave passes from a less dense medium to a more dense medium, the ____ may change.`
 `a.` `speed` `c.` `wavelength` `b.` `frequency` `d.` `speed, frequency, and wavelength`
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`____   30.       When the crest of one wave passes through the trough of another wave, ____ takes place.`
 `a.` `resonance` `c.` `constructive interference` `b.` `diffraction` `d.` `destructive interference`
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`____   31.       A tuning fork starts to vibrate when a certain note is played on the piano. This is an example of ____.`
 `a.` `resonance` `c.` `refraction` `b.` `reflection` `d.` `diffraction`
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` `
`Completion`
`Complete each statement.`
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`            32.       Repeating disturbances that transfer energy through matter or space are ____________________.`
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`            33.       Light is one type of wave that can travel through empty space to transfer ____________________.`
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`            34.       The two types of mechanical waves are ____________________ and ____________________.`
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`            35.       When you shake the end of a rope up and down, you create a ____________________ wave.`
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`            36.       ____________________ waves can travel through Earth and along Earth's surface.`
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`            37.       In a compressional wave, the area where the particles are farthest apart is a ____________________.`
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`            38.       The compressions in a compressional wave correspond to the ____________________ of a transverse wave.`
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`            39.       If the frequency of a water wave changes, its ____________________ must also change.`
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`            40.       The symbol l (lambda) stands for the ____________________.`
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`            41.       A line perpendicular to a reflecting surface is called the ____________________.`
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`            42.       Refraction and ____________________ both involve the bending of waves.`
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`            43.       Constructive interference occurs when the trough of one wave passes through the ____________________ of another wave.`
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`            44.       To cause resonance in an object, a wave must vibrate at the ____________________ of the object.`
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`Short Answer`
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`Figure 10-1`
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`            45.       In Figure 10-1, identify the following structures:`
`______ wavelength`
`______ crest`
`______ amplitude`
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`Problem`
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`            46.       Speed can be determined by dividing the distance traveled by the time. The water waves in a lake travel 4.4 m in 2.0 s. What is the speed of the waves?`
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`            47.       An ocean wave has a frequency of 2.0 Hz with a wavelength of 10 m. What is the velocity of the wave?`
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`Honors Physical Science Chapter 10 Exam Review`
`Answer Section`
` `
`MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE`
` `
`           1.                    ANS: F, do`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           2.                   ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B`
`OBJ:  1/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            `
` `
`           3.                   ANS: F, in a circle (also accept back-and-forth and up-and-down)`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           4.                   ANS: F, transverse`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           5.                   ANS: F, seismic`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           6.                   ANS: F, rarefactions`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           7.                   ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B`
`OBJ:  4/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            `
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`           8.                   ANS: F, wavelength`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           9.                   ANS: F, increase`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           10.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B`
`OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            `
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`           11.                  ANS: F, equal to`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           12.                  ANS: F, hertz`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           13.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B`
`OBJ:  3/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            `
` `
`           14.                  ANS: T                                                    PTS:   1          DIF:    B`
`OBJ:  3/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2            `
` `
`           15.                  ANS: F, decrease`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           16.                  ANS: F, absorbing`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`MULTIPLE CHOICE`
` `
`           17.                  ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/1`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           18.                  ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           19.                  ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           20.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           21.                  ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   1/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           22.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/2`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           23.                 ANS: B                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/2`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           24.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           25.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   2/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           26.                 ANS: C                    PTS:   1                     DIF:   A         OBJ:   2/2`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           27.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/1`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           28.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/1`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           29.                 ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   A         OBJ:   3/3`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           30.                 ANS: D                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/4`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`           31.                  ANS: A                   PTS:   1                     DIF:   B         OBJ:   3/4`
`STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2             `
` `
`COMPLETION`
` `
`           32.                 ANS: waves`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           33.                 ANS: energy`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/1                 STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           34.                 ANS: transverse, compressional`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           35.                 ANS: transverse`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           36.                 ANS: Seismic`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  1/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           37.                 ANS: rarefaction`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           38.                 ANS: crests`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           39.                 ANS: wavelength`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/2                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           40.                 ANS: wavelength`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           41.                  ANS: normal`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           42.                 ANS: diffraction`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/3                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`           43.                 ANS: trough`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           44.                 ANS: natural frequency`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  3/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
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`SHORT ANSWER`
` `
`           45.                 ANS: `
`B, A, C`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   B                    OBJ:  2/1                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`PROBLEM`
` `
`           46.                 ANS: `
`V = d/t = 4.4 m/2.0 s = 2.2 m/s`
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`PTS:   1                     DIF:   A                   OBJ:  2/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`
` `
`           47.                 ANS: `
`v = lf = 2.0 Hz ´ 10 m = 20 m/s`
` `
`PTS:   1                     DIF:   A                   OBJ:  2/4                STA:  PS2.1 CS3.2`