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Chapter 1 Notes (cont. C)

  1. Abdominal Quadrants – (nine quadrants)
 
 
 
Right Hypochondriac
 
à right lobe of liver
à gall bladder
à Superior portion of kidney
Epigastic
 
à left lobe & medial right lobe of liver
à part of stomach
àupper intestine
à head of pancreas
à adrenal glands
 
Left Hypochondriac
 
à stomach
à spleen
à Superior portion of kidney
à tail of pancreas
Right Lumbar
 
à intestine
à ascending colon
à inferior portion of kidney
à small intestine
Umbilical
 
à middle of transverse colon
à inferior duodenum
Left Lumbar
 
à descending colon
à lower kidney
à small intestine
Right Iliac (inguinal)
 
à appendix
à small intestine
Hypogastric (pubic)
 
à bladder
à small intestine
Left Iliac (inguinal)
 
à parts of colon
à small intestine
 
  1. Medical Imaging
    1. Radiology = X-rays
    2. Roentgenogram = 2 dimensional shadow image
    3. Computed tomography (CT) Scanning = uses X-rays with computer technology
    4. Dynamic Spatial Reconstruction (DSR) = constructs a moving 3-dim. life-size image
    5. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) = concentrates on the nuclei of atoms
    6. Ultra sound (US) = uses high frequency sound waves
 
  1. Homeostasis – is a condition in which the body’s internal environment remains within certain physiological limits
    1. In order for cells to survive, the composition of surrounding fluids must be precisely maintained at all times
    2. Extracellular fluid – outside cells (found in 2 places) interstitial or intercellular  called plasma
    3. Intracellular – fluid within cells
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