An underbite is a term used to describe a dental condition when lower teeth overlap the upper front teeth. This condition is also referred to as a Class III malocclusion or prognathism.
Underbite problems can destroy the appearance of your face. Some cases of underbite can create bigger problems like the extension of the lower teeth far forward. An underbite can be counted in cosmetic issues more than others.
People should pay attention to the problem in its’ early stages before reaching its severe stage as it can lead to various kinds of oral health issues including:
- a problem in biting and chewing food.
- Difficulty in speaking.
- Causes of mouth and jaw pain due to its misalignment.
These kinds of conditions require an orthodontist’s immediate attention for underbite correction.
What causes an Underbite:
Your teeth alignment may be affected by various reasons. Usually, the teeth come in such a way that the above teeth fit a few over the below teeth. If your teeth are in proper alignment, you can avoid biting your cheeks, lips, or tongue when you eat.
Reasons to develop an underbite:
- Childhood habits like thumb sucking, forcing on teeth with the tongue, long-term feeding using a bottle beyond infant years.
- Most often, the problem of an underbite is genetic. It has been observed that the underbite problem is more likely to develop in people whose parents or other family members also have it. Genetics is also responsible for deciding a person’s jaw and tooth structure and size as someone may be born with defective teeth like impacted or irregular shaped teeth that may result in malocclusion.
- If a person is having critical injuries to the face leading to permanent damage to the jawbones that can cause an underbite.
- If someone has tumors in the mouth that can further damage jaws causing an underbite.
How to fix underbite?
As nobody is born with perfectly aligned teeth. When people have misaligned teeth causing an underbite, they need medical treatment. There are many benefits of correcting an underbite like you can clean your teeth easily and also it reduces the risk for tooth decay and gum disease. There will be less strain on your teeth, jaw, and facial muscles which will be beneficial to reduce the risk of breaking a tooth and causing the painful symptoms of temporomandibular disorders that come along with underbite.
Treatment at home:
If you are wishing healthy teeth you should follow oral hygiene rules including brushing and flossing your teeth daily along with regular checkups at the dentist’s office for cleaning can help to accomplish your goal.
Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste for two minutes. While brushing, pay extra attention to your gum line and all the sides of your mouth including inside, outside, and the back of your mouth.
Treatment at the office:
It is the most effective and correct way to treat an underbite and align teeth correctly. In addition, medical treatment can enhance the appearance of an underbite.
If your case is not much serious, your dentist can use underbite braces to get rid of this problem and align teeth properly. Your dentist may also remove one or more teeth on the lower jaw to improve the overall appearance.
In addition, he/she can use a grinding machine to smoothen the surface of your teeth if they are large or stick out.