Theme is a story's central message.

Theme is not usually stated directly in a text.

Theme is sometimes a lesson, moral, or comment on society.


To determine theme, consider:

characters' goals

if the characters are successful

how the characters change

key events and how characters respond

the ending and the characters' reactions to it 


Infer multiple themes

A text's theme is its central message or meaning. While reading, readers make inferences, or figure out information that is not stated directly in the text. Readers combine what they already know with evidence from the text to determine its themes.