NC Essential Standards: First Grade History


North Carolina Essential Standards First Grade Social Studies

Kindergarten through second grade students are introduced to an integrative approach of Social Studies by exploring aspects of self, others, families and communities across the world in developmentally responsive ways. In early years, children develop a foundation for the entire social studies program beginning in Kindergarten; therefore, Social Studies must be an essential part of the daily curriculum. As students are acquainted with diverse classmates, they develop awareness to the similarities among individuals in the classroom as well as within the school, community and world. Comparing family traditions enable students to accept and appreciate their pluralistic society and acquire a sense of purpose regarding their role and the role of other citizens within the community and world. K-2 students develop geographic awareness of their surroundings by using geographic representations to process information about locations using maps and globes. They learn that people not only use the environment, but also modify or adapt to it. In history, students begin to develop the ability to think like an historian as they acquire knowledge of history to understand the past and present. Students begin to appreciate the influence history has on their daily lives as they identify contributions of historical figures. They examine why certain events and people are celebrated through national holidays. In economics, students develop and build upon basic economic concepts by relating to their own wants and needs.


Note on Numbering: H–History, G–Geography and Environmental Literacy, E–Economics and Financial Literacy, C&G–Civics and Governance, C– Culture



History   Characteristics   Strategies/Adaptations   Link
Essential Standards: Understand that history tells a story of how people and events changed society over time.            
1.H.1.1 Explain how and why neighborhoods and communities change over time.            
1.H.1.2 Explain the importance of folklore and celebrations and their impact on local communities.            
1.H.1.3 Explain why national holidays are celebrated (Constitution Day, Independence Day, Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Day, Presidents’ Day, etc.).   Noncompliant / Biological reasons   Selection of the sequence of academic tasks appears to be in the exercise of choice.
Geography and Environmental Literacy            
Essential Standard: Use geographic representations, terms and technologies to process information from a spatial perspective.            
1.G.1.1 Use geographic tools to identify characteristics of various landforms and bodies of water.   visual learners, inattentiveness   Social Studies/Geography/ The Geography Song (character in video sings names all of the countries of the world while pointing out the country on a map.)
1.G.1.2 Give examples showing location of places (home, classroom, school and community).            
1.G.1.3 Understand the basic elements of geographic representations using maps (cardinal directions and map symbols).   for Kinesthetic learners, lack of motivation, hyperactivity   Explore Cardinal Directions Hands-on learning
Simulations and games
Essential Standard: Understand how humans and the environment interact within the local community.            
1.G.2.1 Explain ways people change the environment (planting trees, recycling, cutting down trees, building homes, building streets, etc.).            
1.G.2.2 Explain how people use natural resources in the community.   disenagaged student, unorganized   SMART Notebook lesson.  Students will learn about Earth's natural resources and how to use them to create an original piece of art.SMART Notebook™ SE (Student Edition) collaborative learning software is interactive software that helps students complete school work, take notes, manage due dates and organize digital material. And they can do it all in the visual, free-form style that's most comfortable for them.
1.G.2.3 Explain how the environment impacts where people live (urban, rural, weather, transportation, etc.).            
Economics and Financial Literacy            
Essential Standard: Understand basic economic concepts.            
1.E.1.1 Summarize the various ways in which people earn and use money for goods and services.   dysgraphia/ illegible handwriting   Have students complete writing activities in small steps.  Allow the use of a word processor.  Encourage proper grip, posture, and paper positioning.
1.E.1.2 Identify examples of goods and services in the home, school and community.            
1.E.1.3 Explain how supply and demand affects the choices families and communities make.            
Civics and Governance            
Essential Standard: Understand the importance of rules.            
1.C&G.1.1 Explain why rules are needed in the home, school and community.            
1.C&G.1.2 Classify the roles of authority figures in the home, school and community (teacher, principal, parents, mayor, park rangers, game wardens, etc).            
1.C&G.1.3 Summarize various ways in which conflicts could be resolved in homes, schools, classrooms and communities.            
Essential Standard: Understand the diversity of people in the local community.            
1.C.1.1  Compare the languages, traditions, and holidays of various cultures.            
1.C.1.2 Use literature to help people understand diverse cultures.