Reading Concepts

First Quarter

  • Conflict: A struggle that a character faces
    • Internal Conflict: A struggle that occurs within a character's emotions or thoughts. (ex. a decision, guilt, anger)
    • External Conflict: A struggle between a character and an outside force. (ex. another person, the weather, society)
  • Theme: the main topic or lesson of the story. (ex. Divorce, overcoming obstacles, growing up)
  • Symbolism: when an image or object represents an idea. (ex. religious symbols, "N" for Huskers, trophies)
  • Flat character: A character that is defined by one main trait. (ex. wicked witch, hero, side characters)
  • Round character: A character that has several different traits. (ex. main characters)
  • Characterization: How an author lets us know a character's traits.
    • ​​​​​​​Direct Characterization: The author tells us a character's traits directly. (Tell, don't show) (Ex. You're a mean one, Mr. Grinch)
    • Indirect Characterization: The author shows us a character's traits through their speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, and looks. (Show, don't tell) (ex. We see the Grinch stealing all of the Christmas toys)
      • ​​​​​​​S: Speech
      • T: Thoughts
      • E: Effect on Others
      • A: Actions
      • L: Looks
  • Atmosphere/Mood: A type of feeling a reader gets from an author's descriptive language. (How the story makes you feel)
  • Suspense: the intense feeling that an audience goes through while waiting for the outcome of certain events.
  • Character motivation: The reason(s) that a character does what they do. (What does the character want?)
  • Point of View: The perspective through which a story is told. (ex. First-Person, Third-Person)
  • Viewpoint: a character's perspective or opinion about something