Brain Damage and Cognitive Issues Cognitive Problems and Caregiving: Specific Issues. There are several other issuesthat caregivers of people with cognitive problems need to cope with. Memoryproblems. Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, strokes, brain injuries, and other conditions that cause dementia can devastate a person's memories. Cognitive impairments due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are substantial sources of morbidity for affected individuals, their family members, and society. Disturbances of attention, memory, and executive functioning are the most common neurocognitive consequences of TBI at all levels of severity
.Brain damage is not always permanent. ... A concussion, for instance, usually refers to the brain bouncing around inside the skull, which results in tearing and bleeding. The brain can make remarkably recovery from minor injuries, and most people who experience a brain injury do not suffer permanent disability.