Stainless Steel: These are their main properties and applications
Stainless Steel 316 Seamless Pipe is gaining popularity in various fields, including the construction, dentistry, and automotive industries. This is due to its multiple properties and advantages, such as corrosion resistance and durability. But before you know how stainless steel behaves, you need to explain exactly what this material is made of.
What is Stainless Steel?
316L Stainless Steel Sheet is an alloy of iron and carbon, with less than 2% carbon. Like other iron metals, steel rusts when in contact with oxygen, forming ferrous oxide and acquiring the characteristic reddish colour that you all know. Objects made of this material will deteriorate and have an unattractive appearance.
To avoid this situation, a new element, chromium, should be added to the mixture. Chromium reacts with oxygen to form a layer of chromium oxide known as a passivation layer impermeable and prevents the reaction between oxygen and iron. In this way, anticorrosion or air and manufactured objects are not subject to such changes.
To do this, the mixture must contain at least 10.5% chromium and may contain other components such as nickel, silicon, and aluminium. This produces multiple types of stainless steel.
What are the main characteristics of stainless steel?
High resistance: As you have seen, one of the main characteristics of stainless steel is its high resistance to atmospheric corrosion and oxidation.
Durability: 316 Stainless Steel Round Bar is a very durable material due to its ability to withstand the physical and chemical conditions it is exposed to. Steel begins to deteriorate between 15 and 20 years, while stainless steel can exceed 60 years.
Hardness: 316L Stainless Steel Seamless Pipe is highly resistant to abrasives and is scratch-free.
Ductility: With proper force, stainless steel can be easily deformed without breaking, allowing for various shapes and finishes.
Tenacity: Stainless steel is extremely resistant to impact. Under impact conditions, it can absorb large amounts of energy before it breaks.
Sustainability: All stainless steels are recyclable and highly profitable due to the high amount of chromium and nickel. Modern stainless steel is generally made from 60% recycled material.
Hygienic: The low composition and low roughness prevent external substances such as dust and bacteria from adhering to the surface, making it easier to clean with conventional cleaning agents.
Main applications of stainless steel
All of these properties make steel a highly sought after material in a variety of areas of activity. Let's look at some examples:
Medical Technology-Because it is easy to clean and less corrosive, 310 Stainless Steel Sheet is widely used in environments that require clean, sterile instruments, such as in the manufacture of dental and surgical instruments implants.
Building construction: Due to its strength and flexibility, stainless steel has become an important construction sector element. It is typically used for indoor countertops, backsplashes, railings, and also for outdoor building cladding.
Food: The food and catering industry uses stainless steel to manufacture cutlery and kitchen accessories. Instruments such as knives are made of low ductility grade stainless steel, while high ductile grades are used in the manufacture of grills, cookware, frying pans, and sinks.