Versailles and Rococo Art Test
Matching: USING THE ANSWER SHEET, write the letter of the definition next to the word or phrase it defines (2 points).
A. a French term meaning “low-raised work,” where the forms
stand out from the background 1. Bas-relief (BAH-ree-leaf)
B. the position of a human figure where the weight is on one
leg, with twisting of the body on its vertical axis; sometimes
called a weight shift 2. Repousse’ (REE-poo-SAY)
C. a cave 3. Hall of Mirrors
D. creating a metal relief by hammering and/or burnishing
(rubbing) 4. Contrapposto
E. Bodies have perfect symmetry and proportion; no wrinkles
or other flaws 5. Greco-Roman ideal
F. This is a 240 foot hallway added to Versailles in 1678; it
was used as a waiting room 6. Mirror Room
G. a frivolous (playful) painting showing an outdoor romp
with “elegantly-attired young people” 7. Grotto (GRAH-toe)
H. This room is at the Petite Trianon, which King Louis 16th
gave to Marie Antoinette; mirrors can be cranked up to
cover the windows of the room 8. Fête galante
Multiple Choice: USING THE ANSWER SHEET, write the letter of the answer that is most correct for each question (2 points):
9. One of the characteristics of Rococo Art is:
a. It has squares and straight lines
b. It started in Paris and coincided with the reign of Louis 15th
10. The Rococo Period occurred:
a. Between 1720 to 1800
b. Between 1520 to 1600
11. A characteristic of Rococo art was that it dealt mainly with interior decoration and architecture. What types of “art” would this include?
a. Floors, furniture, china, clothing, jewelry, and walls
b. Paintings, sculpture, metalwork, and vases
12. In the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles, the interior wall opposite the windows is lined with what?
a. Bas-relief sculptures
b. Venetian glass the same size and shape as the arched windows
13. At Versailles, the sculpture of King Louis 14th was created by Baroque artist:
a. Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun
b. Gianlorenzo Bernini
14. Versailles, once a hunting lodge, was transformed into what?
a. The largest palace in the world
b. The largest building in the world
15. This is the year that Versailles became the “official” home to all French monarchs and their families:
16. What is the name of the building that King Louis 16th gave to Marie Antoinette so that she could hide from her royal duties?
a. La Petite Trianon
b. La Petite Maison
17. Which painting by Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun is an official portrait, even though Marie Antoinette is shown, contrary to custom, with her children?
a. “Marie Antoinette with a Rose”
b. “Marie Antoinette and her Children”
18. The largest room in the King’s apartments in Versailles was also used as a ballroom. It was called what?
a. The Mars Salon
b. The Jupiter Salon
19. This percentage of the pieces of the original hydraulic system for the fountains at Versailles still work:
a. 20 percent
b. 85 percent
20. One of Jean-Honore Fragonard’s most famous paintings is also one of his most scandalous. What is it called?
a. “The Swing”
b. “The Secret”
21. Adelaide Labille-Guiard, one of two portrait painters to Marie Antoinette, painted which portrait of one of Louis 16th aunts?
a. “Portrait of Madame de Barry”
b. “Madame Adelaide de France”
22. King Louis 15th had these two items created for him. What are they?
a. The first roll-top desk & a Rococo-style astronomical clock
b. The first music stand & a Rococo-style cuckoo clock
23. Those too poor or unable to own these items could rent them for an audience with the King. What were they?
a. A hat and a sword
b. A hat and a cape
24. One of the most famous paintings of King Louis 14th is now hung in the King’s apartments at Versailles, was painted by:
a. Hyacinthe Riguad
b. Sir Anthony van Dyck
25. In “Marie Antoinette and Her Children,” why was the cradle draped in black (1 point)?
26. How many guards lived in the Guard Room at Versailles at all times (1 point)?
BONUS (5 points): Name ONE of the three symbols of Marie Antoinette.