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Review Notes Romanticism

ROMANTICISM Review Guide

Skeleton Notes/2-Column Format

 

ROMANTICISM

Time Frame:  1800--1850

 

·         Rebellion against __NEOCLASSICISM’s__ “age of reason

·         EMOTIONAL__, passionate

·         Name comes from revived interest in medieval tales called ROMANCES___

·         Gothic horror stories combined elements of MACABRE_ and occult

·         Deep rich __ COLORS __

 

Subjects

·         __NATURE____ worship (“heroic” undertones to natural scenes, i.e. __STORMS_, animal fights, etc.)

·         Legends

·         ___EXOTIC______ places

·         __VIOLENCE__

Macabre

Having __DEATH_______ as a subject; gruesome, horrible

Examples:  “Frankenstein,” by Mary Shelley; “__DRACULA___”

Francisco Goya

·         Neo= _NEW___

·         Neo-Baroque because he was inspired by Velazquez (_SPANISH_)

·         French Revolution sympathizer

·         Appointed painter to King __CHARLES IV__ in 1788

Artworks by Goya

·         “The Sleep of __REASON___ Produces Monsters” 1796-98

·         “Los Caprichos (The __CAPRICES__):’’80 etches published which show his true feelings about Spanish __MANNER__ and morals

Frontispiece

·         An __ILLUSTRATION__ opposite or preceding the _TITLE_ page of a book

Artworks by Goya

·          “The Third of May 1808,” 1814:  after becoming the court painter to King __FERDINAND VII (7TH)__, he painted this work commemorating the first uprising of the people against Napolean & Ferdinand Bonaparte.  Man in white with outstretched arms suggest __CRUCIFIXION_ of Jesus

·         “The Bullfight:”  subject serves as a controversial symbol of __SPANISH_ national identity

 

Theodore Gericault (JER-ri-coe)

·         Launched Romanticism with one painting:  “The _RAFT_ of the __MEDUSA__”

·         Contemporary event:  a __SHIPWRECK__ that caused a political scandal

·         Artist investigated story like a _REPORTER_; interviewed the __SURVIVORS_, studied decaying _BODIES__ at the morgue; and lashed himself  to the __MAST__ of a small boat in a storm. 

Eugene Delacroix (DEL-ah-craw)

·         “The _28th of July; __LIBERTY_ Leading the People (1830)

·         Painted after artist watched the 3-day __REVOLUTION_ of 1830 in the streets near his studio

·         The “Citizen King” Louis Philippe bought it, but returned it after a few months because it “annoyed” him

·         When the Revolution of _1848_ established the second Republic, it became a symbol of __LIBERATION_

·         Included in painting was a 12-year-old boy who __KILLED_ a royal soldier before being badly wounded himself

Caspar David Friedrich (FREED-rick)

·         “Chalk Cliffs of Rugen”

·         MAN VERSUS NATURE

Pigments

·         CHEMICAL_ pigments begin to be made in more intense hues

·         Machine-ground pigments used instead of preparation by _THE ARTIST__

·         POPPY___ oil used as binder, which retained brushstrokes

·         Sold in __JARS OR TUBES__

·         INVENTION OF COLLAPSIBLE TIN TUBE FOR PAINT ALLOWED THE ARTIST’S STUDIO TO BE “PORTABLE”—ALLOWED OUTDOOR PAINTING

                                                                                                                    

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