Neoclassicism and Romanticism
Test Version D
Matching: USING THE ANSWER SHEET, write the letter of the definition next to the word or phrase it defines (2 points).
A. Having death as a subject
B. Working under a master while learning a trade
4. Macabre (Mah-COB-ra)
D. fragments of volcanic rock produced by the explosion of a volcanic eruption
5. Pyroclastic lava flow
E. David followers who took the Greek way, literally, by wearing togas and sandals
F. a yearly art exhibition by the Academy of Art
G. An illustration opposite or preceding the title page of a book
Multiple Choice: USING THE ANSWER SHEET, write the letter of the answer that is most correct for each question (2 points):
8. Which painting by Eugene DELACROIX was painted after the artist watched the 3-day Revolution of 1830?
a. “The 28th of July; Liberty Leading the People”
b. “The Bullfight”
9. What invention for paint in the 1800s allowed artists to be “portable” and paint outdoors?
a. Machine-ground pigments
b. the collapsible tin tube
10. Romanticism occurred as a rebellion against what art movement?
11. Pliny the Younger wrote an account about the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius and the destruction of what in August 24, 79AD?
a. the city of Herculaneum
b. the city of Pompeii
c. Both A and B
12. Jacques Louis DAVID created this painting about three Roman brothers that take an oath to fight against three brothers of Alba to settle a city dispute:
a. “Napolean Crossing the Alps”
b. “Oath of the Horatii”
13. Francisco GOYA was a Spanish painter inspired by what other Spanish artist?a. Caspar David FRIEDRICH
b. Diego Rodriguez Velazques de Silva
14. Which of the following happened during the Neoclassical period?
a. The Church lost its grip, and much scientific progress was made
b. Nature (“man versus wild”) was worshiped and Gothic horror stories were written
15. Theodore GERICAULT launched Romanticism with one painting called what?
a. “The Raft of the Medusa”
b. “The Third of May 1808”
16. Francisco GOYA created a book of 80 etchings which show his true feelings about Spanish manners and morals. What is it called?
a. “The Third of May 1808”
b. “Los Caprichos (The Caprices)”
17. What new kind of oil was used as a binder in oil paint in the 1800s (it retained brushstrokes in paintings)?
a. Poppy oil
b. Corn oil
18. One of the characteristics of Romantic Art was what?
a. it is emotional
b. it is “politically correct” art that has a moral message
True or False: Determine whether the statement is TRUE or FALSE. If it is FALSE, correct the statement ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET (2 points each; if false, 1 point for correcting the word).
19. The founding of America coincided with the Romantic period.
20. Eugene DELACROIX’s painting, “The 28th of July; Liberty Leading the People,” shows a 12-year old boy who wounded a royal soldier before being badly wounded himself.
21. The box, towel, and pen of Jean-Paul Marat, as depicted in Jacques-Louis DAVID’s “The Death of Marat,” were worshiped by the public as “holy relics.”
22. In Theodore GERICAULT’s painting “The Raft of the Medusa,” the artist interviewed survivors, studied dead bodies at the morgue, and lashed himself to the mast of a small boat in a storm so that he could be accurate in his painting.
Matching: USING THE ANSWER SHEET, write the letter of the artwork next to the name of the artist who created it (2 points).
23. “George Washington” A. Caspar David FRIEDRICH
24. “Death of Marat” B. Gilbert STUART
25. “Chalk Cliffs of Rugen” C. Jacques Louis DAVID
BONUS (5 points): Name one of the Roman symbols or words adopted by America.