Unit One Study Guide

Chapter 2
  • Know the difference between polar and non-polar covalent bonds; have a basic understanding of ionic bonds
  • Know the meaning of partial charges and which kinds of bonds create them
  • Know the definition of electronegativity and how it causes weak bonds (Hydrogen bonds) to occur
  • Know the major elements of life
 Chapter 3
  • Know what a hydrogen bond is, and how they are formed
  • Know the properties of water relating to hydrogen bonds
  • Know the difference between hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules
  • Understand the basic principles of acids and bases
  • Know what a buffer is
 Chapter 4
  • Know the properties of carbon that makes it the most versatile atom
  • Know the different functional groups (flashcards!) and the basics of how they behave
  • Know that hydrocarbons (C-H bonds) are non-polar and do not mix with water
 Chapter 5
  • Know the monomers that make up each macromolecule and the bonds that they form
  • Know the dehydration and hydrolysis processes
  • Know the major types of each macromolecule and their general functions
  • Know the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats
  • Know the levels of protein structure
  • Know what denatured means and how proteins become denatured
Chapter 8
  • Know the difference between anabolic and catabolic pathways
  • Understand the basic structure of ATP and its function
  • Know the difference between exergonic and endergonic reactions
  • Understand the basics of enzymes and how they affect activation energies
  • Know why heat, changes in pH or salts can stop enzyme function
  • Know that when it is too cold, there is not enough energy for reactions to occur