Phonemic Awareness: The ability to focus on and manipulate phonemes in words and syllables that are spoken.
Phonics: The relationship between letters and letter combinations in written language and the individual sounds in spoken language.
Fluency: The ability to read as well as speak and to make sense of text without having to stop and decode each word.
Vocabulary: The body of words that an individual knows and understands.
Comprehension: The cognitive process that readers use to understand what they have read.
Phonemes: The smallest units of sound in words.
Stretchy Sounds: A sound that can be stretched without distorting it.
Bouncy Sounds: A sound that can not be streched without distorting it.
Rate of Reading: The speed at which a person reads written text.
Accuracy: The ability to read without mistakes or errors.
Phrasing: The grouping of words when reading aloud.
Intonation: The rise and fall of the voice when speaking.
Expression: The process of making known one's thoughts or feelings.
Conversational Vocabulary: Vocabulary that is used on a regular basis.
Academic Vocabulary: Written vocabulary learned through schooling that is abstract and taught by content area teachers.