Science Study Guide
Living Things and Their Needs
(Test on Thursday)
All living things are .
Everything that surrounds a living thing is called its .
Turtles are above grasshoppers in a pond .
Plants and animals have that help them get what they need to survive.
All living things in an environment make up a .
Plants and algae are examples of .
A place in which an animal can stay safe is called a
Food, water, and air are all considered .
An organism that eats other organisms is called a .
The basic needs of animals include .
Plants are different from other animals because plants .
describes how living things make more of their own kind.
are the substances that help living things grow and stay healthy.
The job or role that an organism has in its environment is its .
Leaf veins transport from stems to leaves.
Needles on an evergreen tree are examples of a type of structure.
hold up a plant, carry water and food, and hold the leaves in place.
A is an example of a structure that helps keep an animal safe.
are animal structures that take in oxygen from the air.
One thing that animals have in common are that all animals
Worms take in oxygen .
In order to survive, animals need food, water, gases, and .
When living things battle each other for resources, it is called .
is a word that means “changing with age”.
When a plant responds to sunlight, it .
The arrows in a food chain diagram show the flow of .
A is an example of a producer.
A eats other organisms.
use sunlight to make food and take nutrients from the soil. Trees and grasses are two types of .
Bonus Questions (2 points each)
*Why is it important for people to preserve the world’s rain forests?
*What kinds of plants and animals would most likely survive in a desert environment?
*Compare a bear with a giraffe. How do their structures help them survive?
*Bonus Questions are optional. They are used for extra credit points only on the test.