Earth Science

In Regular Earth Science, students will continue to develop their understanding of the three disciplinary core ideas in the Earth and Space Sciences. The high school performance expectations in Earth and Space Science build on the middle school ideas and skills and allow high school students to explain more in-depth phenomena central not only to the earth and space sciences, but to life and physical sciences as well. These performance expectations blend the core ideas with scientific and engineering practices and crosscutting concepts to support students in developing useable knowledge to explain ideas across the science disciplines. While the performance expectations shown in high school earth and space science couple particular practices with specific disciplinary core ideas, instructional decisions should include use of many practices that lead to the performance expectations. 


Regular Earth Science is designed to familiarize the student with the major concepts in the study of the physical world and will be taught in ten major domains:

  • The Methods of Science
  • The Role of Theories, Laws , Hypotheses, Measurements, & Models
  • Earth Systems
  • The Nature of Matter
  • Rocks & Minerals
  • Oceans, Lakes, & River Systems
  • The Atmosphere & Weather Systems
  • Formation of the Universe
  • Astronomical Measurement
  • Life Cycle of the Stars
  • Stellar Systems
  • The Sun
  • Solar System