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STATE STANDARDS

 

 

 

 

 

6th grade

STANDARD

1

The California Department of Education adopted standards for Physical Education in 2010. These standards were adopted because state educators and health professionals realized that Physical Education needed to be more academic and substantive- not just teaching students "how" but "why". There needed to be some set curriculum for each grade level based on their needs. Teaching the "why" takes more effort than the "how". In teaching the "why" there is written work in Physical Education. Instead of "rolling a ball out" or conduct "recess" but rather, educate and inform the students, which requires written work and physical activity. There is a shift in Physical Education, the more that a student learns the more they can make smart choices about how to live a healthier life with lifetime fitness and activities.

 

 

 

Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Manipulative Skills

  1. 1.1  Volley an object repeatedly with a partner, using the forearm pass.

  2. 1.2  Strike a ball continuously against a wall and with a partner, using a paddle for the forehand stroke and the backhand stroke.

  3. 1.3  Strike an object consistently, using a body part, so that the object travels in the intended direction at the desired height.

  4. 1.4  Strike an object consistently, using an implement, so that the object travels in the intended direction at the desired height.

  5. 1.5  Dribble and pass a ball to a partner while being guarded.

  6. 1.6  Throw an object accurately and with applied force, using the underhand, overhand, and sidearm movement (throw) patterns.

Rhythmic Skills

  1. 1.7  Perform folk and line dances.

  2. 1.8  Develop, refine, and demonstrate routines to music.

Combinations of Movement Patterns and Skills

  1. 1.9  Combine relationships, levels, speed, direction, and pathways in complex individual and group physical activities.

  2. 1.10  Combine motor skills to play a lead-up or modified game.

  3. 1.11  Design and perform smooth, flowing sequences of stunts, tumbling, and rhythmic patterns that combine traveling, rolling, balancing, and transferring weight.

STANDARD

2

Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.

Movement Concepts

  1. 2.1  Explain how to increase force based on the principles of biomechanics.

  2. 2.2  Explain how impact force is reduced by increasing the duration of impact.

  3. 2.3  Analyze and correct errors in movement patterns.

  4. 2.4  Provide feedback to a partner to assist in developing and improving movement skills.

  5. 2.5  Identify practices and procedures necessary for safe participation in physical activities.

Manipulative Skills

  1. 2.6  Explain the role of the legs, shoulders, and forearm in the forearm pass.

  2. 2.7  Identify the time necessary to prepare for and begin a forehand stroke and a backhand stroke.

  3. 2.8  Illustrate how the intended direction of an object is affected by the angle of the implement or body part at the time of contact.

  4. 2.9  Identify opportunities to pass or dribble while being guarded.

Rhythmic Skills

  1. 2.10  Identify steps and rhythm patterns for folk and line dances.

  2. 2.11  Explain how movement qualities contribute to the aesthetic dimension of physical activity.

Combination of Movement Patterns and Skills

2.12 Develop a cooperative movement game that uses locomotor skills, object manipulation, and an offensive strategy and teach the game to another person.

  1. 3.1  Assess the components of health-related physical fitness (muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, aerobic capacity, and body composition) by using a scientifically based health-related fitness assessment.

  2. 3.2  Compare individual physical fitness results with research-based standards for good health.

  3. 3.3  Develop individual goals for each of the components of health-related physical fitness (muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, aerobic capacity, and body composition).

  4. 3.4  Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity a minimum of four days each week.page34image20136

STANDARD

3

Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.

 

  1. 3.5  Measure and evaluate changes in health-related physical fitness based on physical activity patterns.

  2. 3.6  Monitor the intensity of one’s heart rate during physical activity.

  1. 4.1  Distinguish between effective and ineffective warm-up and cool-down techniques.

  2. 4.2  Develop a one-day personal physical fitness plan specifying the intensity, time, and types of physical activities for each component of health-related physical fitness.

  3. 4.3  Identify contraindicated exercises and their adverse effects on the body.

  4. 4.4  Classify physical activities as aerobic or anaerobic.

  5. 4.5  Explain methods of monitoring heart rate intensity.

  6. 4.6  List the long-term benefits of participation in regular physical activity.

  7. 4.7  Compile and analyze a log noting the food intake/calories consumed and energy expended through physical activity.

Self-Responsibility

  1. 5.1  Participate productively in group physical activities.

  2. 5.2  Evaluate individual responsibility in group efforts.

Social Interaction

5.3 Identify and define the role of each participant in a cooperative physical activity.

Group Dynamics

  1. 5.4  Identify and agree on a common goal when participating in a cooperative physical activity.

  2. 5.5  Analyze possible solutions to a movement problem in a cooperative physical activity and come to a consensus on the best solution.

STANDARD

4

Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.

STANDARD

5

 

7th grade

Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.

 

STANDARD

1

Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Manipulative Skills

1.1 Demonstrate mature techniques for the following patterns: overhand, sidearm, and underhand throwing; catching; kicking/punting; striking; trapping; dribbling (hand and foot); and volleying.

Rhythmic Skills

1.2 Perform multicultural dances.

Combinations of Movement Patterns and Skills

  1. 1.3  Combine manipulative, locomotor, and nonlocomotor skills into movement patterns.

  2. 1.4  Demonstrate body management and object-manipulation skills needed for successful participation in individual and dual physical activities.

  3. 1.5  Demonstrate body management and locomotor skills needed for successful participation in track and field and combative activities.

  4. 1.6  Demonstrate body management and object-manipulation skills needed for successful participation in introductory adventure/outdoor activities.

Manipulative Skills

2.1 Identify and describe key elements in the mature performance of overhand, sidearm, and underhand throwing; catching; kicking/punting; striking; trapping; dribbling (hand and foot); and volleying.page36image11968

STANDARD

2

Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.

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Movement Concepts

  1. 2.2  Analyze movement patterns and correct errors.

  2. 2.3  Use principles of motor learning to establish, monitor, and meet goals for motor skill development.

  3. 2.4  Explain and demonstrate spin and rebound principles for performing manipulative skills.

  4. 2.5  Compare and contrast the effectiveness of practicing skills as a whole and practicing skills in smaller parts.

  5. 2.6  Diagram and demonstrate basic offensive and defensive strategies for individual and dual physical activities.

Combination of Movement Patterns and Skills

2.7 Develop an individual or dual game that uses a manipulative skill, two different offensive strategies, and a scoring system and teach it to another person.

  1. 3.1  Assess one’s own muscle strength, muscle endurance, aerobic capacity, flexibility, and body composition by using a scientifically based health-related fitness assessment.

  2. 3.2  Evaluate individual measures of physical fitness in relationship to patterns of physical activity.

  3. 3.3  Develop individual goals, from research-based standards, for each of the five components of health-related physical fitness.

  4. 3.4  Plan a weekly personal physical fitness program in collaboration with the teacher.

  5. 3.5  Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity a minimum of four days each week.

  6. 3.6  Assess periodically the attainment of, or progress toward, personal physical fitness goals and make necessary adjustments to a personal physical fitness program.

  1. 4.1  Develop a one-week personal physical fitness plan specifying the proper warm-up and cool-down activities and the principles of exercise for each component of health-related physical fitness.

  2. 4.2  Identify physical activities that are effective in improving each of the health-related physical fitness components.

  3. 4.3  Match personal preferences in physical activities with each of the five components of health-related physical fitness.

  4. 4.4  Explain the effects of physical activity on heart rate during exercise, during the recovery phase, and while the body is at rest.

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STANDARD

3

Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.

STANDARD

4

Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.

 

  1. 4.5  Describe the role of physical activity and nutrition in achieving physical fitness.

  2. 4.6  Identify and apply the principles of overload in safe, age-appropriate activities.

  3. 4.7  Explain progression, overload, and specificity as principles of exercise.

  4. 4.8  Discuss the effect of extremity growth rates on physical fitness.

Self-Responsibility

  1. 5.1  Identify appropriate and inappropriate risks involved in adventure, individual, and dual physical activities.

  2. 5.2  Accept responsibility for individual improvement.

Social Interaction

5.3 Demonstrate an acceptance of differences in physical development and personal preferences as they affect participation in physical activity.

Group Dynamics

  1. 5.4  Evaluate the effect of expressing encouragement to others while participating in a group physical activity.

  2. 5.5  Identify the responsibilities of a leader in physical activity.

STANDARD

5

Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.

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8th grade

STANDARD

1

Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Rhythmic Skills

  1. 1.1  Identify and demonstrate square dance steps, positions, and patterns set to music.

  2. 1.2  Create and perform a square dance.

Combinations of Movement Patterns and Skills

  1. 1.3  Demonstrate basic offensive and defensive skills and strategies in team physical activities.

  2. 1.4  Apply locomotor, nonlocomotor, and manipulative skills to team physical activities.

  3. 1.5  Demonstrate fundamental gymnastic/tumbling skills.

  4. 1.6  Create and perform a routine using fundamental gymnastic/tumbling skills, locomotor and nonlocomotor movement patterns, and the elements of speed, direction, and level.

Movement Concepts

  1. 2.1  Describe and demonstrate how movement skills learned in one physical activity can be transferred and used to help learn another physical activity.

  2. 2.2  Explain the rotation principles used in performing various manipulative skills.

  3. 2.3  Explain how growth in height and weight affects performance and influences the selection of developmentally appropriate physical activities.

Combination of Movement Patterns and Skills

  1. 2.4  Identify the characteristics of a highly skilled performance for the purpose of improving one’s own performance.

  2. 2.5  Diagram, explain, and justify offensive and defensive strategies in modified and team sports, games, and activities.

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STANDARD

2

Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.

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2.6 Develop and teach a team game that uses elements of spin or rebound, designated offensive and defensive space, a penalty system, and a scoring system.

  1. 3.1  Assess the components of health-related physical fitness (muscle strength, muscle endur- ance, aerobic capacity, flexibility, and body composition) by using a scientifically based health-related physical fitness assessment.

  2. 3.2  Refine individual personal physical fitness goals for each of the five components of health- related physical fitness, using research-based criteria.

  3. 3.3  Plan and implement a two-week personal physical fitness plan in collaboration with the teacher.

  4. 3.4  Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity a minimum of four days each week.

  5. 3.5  Assess periodically the attainment of, or progress toward, personal physical fitness goals and make necessary adjustments to a personal physical fitness program.

  6. 3.6  Participate safely in moderate to vigorous physical activity when conditions are atypical (weather, travel, injury).

  1. 4.1  Develop a two-week personal physical fitness plan specifying the proper warm-up and cool-down activities and the principles of exercise for each of the five components of health- related physical fitness.

  2. 4.2  Identify appropriate physical activities that can be performed if one’s physical fitness program is disrupted by inclement weather, travel from home or school, or a minor injury.

  3. 4.3  Identify ways of increasing physical activity in routine daily activities.

  4. 4.4  Identify and apply basic principles in weight/resistance training and safety practices.

  5. 4.5  Explain the effects of nutrition and participation in physical activity on weight control, self-concept, and physical performance.

  6. 4.6  Explain the different types of conditioning for different physical activities.

STANDARD

3

Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.

STANDARD

4

Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.

page40image20712

STANDARD

5

Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.

Self-Responsibility

  1. 5.1  Abide by the decisions of the officials, accept the outcome of the game, and show appreciation toward participants.

  2. 5.2  Organize and work cooperatively with a group to achieve the goals of the group.

  3. 5.3  Identify and evaluate three preferences for lifelong physical activity and determine one’s responsibility for developing skills, acquiring knowledge of concepts, and achieving fit- ness.

Social Interaction

5.4 Identify the contributions of members of a group or team and reward members for accomplishing a task or goal.

Group Dynamics

  1. 5.5  Accept the roles of group members within the structure of a game or activity.

  2. 5.6  Describe leadership roles and responsibilities in the context of team games and activities.

  3. 5.7  Model support toward individuals of all ability levels and encourage others to be supportive and inclusive of all individuals.

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