Assignment Outlines






Reading Responses:

1. Title of Book

2. Number of pages read during session.

3. Type of book.

4.  Connections of pages read (Text-self, text-world, text-text)

5. Summary of pages read (4-5 sentences)

6. Prediction of what will happen next

6. Recommendations or review of book.

**lots of details and examples.







The Effect of Temperature

on the Rate of Diffusion




Purpose        :   To observe the effects of temperature on the rate of diffusion.


Hypothesis   :  If food colour is placed in hot liquid, then the rate of diffusion will be faster

                         than if it is placed in a cold liquid.


Apparatus/    :        Apparatus                   Materials

Materials            ?  2 clean beakers          ? hot water

                           ?  tea kettle                   ? cold water

                                                               ? bottle of food colour


Procedure     :   1.  Boil a kettle of water.

  1. Fill the beakers half full – one with cold water and one with hot water.
  2. Put one drop of food colour into the cold  water. Observe what happens.
  3. Put one drop of food colour into the hot water. Observe what happens.

















                ____________                                                ____________


            _____________________________              ____________________________

_____________________________              ____________________________

_____________________________              ____________________________

_____________________________              ____________________________

_____________________________              ____________________________

_____________________________              ____________________________







Conclusion  :  Since the drop of food colour diffused faster in the ________ water than

                        in the ______ water, then it can be concluded that ___________

                        temperatures increase the  rate of diffusion.




  The hypothesis was ________ (correct/incorrect); _________ temperatures   

  increase the  rate of diffusion.



Analysis      :   (does not need to line up with the rest of the lab)


            Diffusion is ...something that you will have to explain using your text book and what you have learned.  Did you really think I was going to give you the answers here?


            If more than one drop of food colour was put into the water, then...notice how I didn’t say “I” here.  Also notice how each paragraph is indented.  Don’t forget to answer the WHY.


            The _________ temperature caused diffusion to happen at a faster rater.  This is because... (hint...use some ideas from the particle theory of matter, or S.M.A.R.T.  to help you explain this).


            Diffusion is important for cells because...notice how it doesn’t read “I think diffusion is important for cells.”  Never use "I" in science because science labs are objective and do not measure opinions.  By the way, you will need to research this a little more in order to get full marks here. The level of research ans effort put into your analysis will help you achieve 3+ and 4 level marks.   Hmmm, try signing out the textbook, checking the encyclopedia or even going to the library!  Be careful of the internet sources you consult, as not all of them are reliable.


DO NOT COPY AND PASTE.  IT IS PLAGIARISM.  Plagiarism is cheating and cheating is wrong. You are claiming someone else’s ideas as your own.  Please learn how to cite the sources you used to help you.  See next page for an example.





           (must be typed)











Internal Citations followed

by a Works Cited Page   

                               Science Report:

                                               Types of Tissues in the Body



            There are many types of tissues in the body.  An example of the different


types of tissues is shown in the diagram below (Epithelial Cells).












Humans are multi-cellular organisms which means many-celled.  It is because of these many


cells that human can perform so many more complicated  functions than a basic amoeba.


In other words, tissues are specialized (Adda 14).  That means that their structure (how they


are made) relates to their function (the job they perform).  For example, skin tissue “covers the


whole surface of the body” (Epithelial Tissue).  Therefore it needs to be able to stretch.  The


cells in the diagram above are stretched out, which agrees with their function….



I will not finish the rest of this report, but I started it to show you how to do citations when you are writing your report.  The first citation is of the image.  Notice how Epithelial Cells is in brackets?  If you go to the Works Cited page (next page), you will also see an entry called Epithelial Cells.  If you read closely you will see the word image to indicate I borrowed the picture.


Notice how Adda 14  is in brackets. If you check the works cited page, you will see  referenced. The 14 stands for the page number the information can be found on.


Notice how Epithelial Tissue is in brackets?  If you go to the Works cited page (next page), you will also see an entry called Epithelial Tissue. Here is where the location of this borrowed information is recorded.  If you read closely, you will see the word text  written to indicate I borrowed some ideas.




                                                               Works Cited




Adda, Jasmine. All About Cells: A Scientist’s Guide to the Human Body.  New York:

Brighton Publishers, 2009.


“Epithelial Cells.” Davidson College Biology Department. Image.  2010. 10 November 2011 




“Epithelial Tissues.” Text. 10 November 2011            <>





Some things to remember:

  • Title of page is Works Cited (do not underline, bold or enlarge font)
  • Listings are posted in alphabetical order (look above)
  • If your entry carries over to a second line, that line in indented (tab once)
  • see the differences for books and internet sources below







  • Last name, first name.
  • Underline title of book
  • Place where it is published
  • Publishing company
  • Year it was published


(all found on the inside of the book)




  • Title of web page in quotation marks
  • Name of Company/Department/author of page (if available).
  • Type of source used (image or text)
  • date on page (usually bottom)
  • date you accessed the page
  • full web address in arrowed brackets






Name: _____________


Class: _____________


Date: _____________