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FINAL EXAM REVIEW

Southfield Lathrup High School

Midterm/Final Exam Schedule

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

 1st and 2nd Hour

Dismissal 10: 55am 

Wednesday, January 18, 2012

3rd and 5th Hour

Dismissal 10:55 am

 

Thursday, January 19, 2012

6th and 7th Hour

Dismissal 10:55 am

 

Friday, January 20, 2012

Teachers Records Day

No Students

   

 

 

 Half Day Adjusted Schedule

7:45 am to 9:17 am        1 hour 32 minutes

9:23 am to 10:55 am      1 hour 32 minutes

 

2011-2012 Biology Review Sheet for Semester 1 Final Exam (January 2012)

NOTE:  This is a guide only!  This SHOULD be used to study for your final, but should not be the ONLY source you use to study from.  Look at your notes, your worksheets, your labs, your projects...  If you wish to go over any old tests and scantron answers, see Ms. LaSovage during an after school time.  STUDY!  This test will be worth 10% of your grade. Please spend some time studying in a way that fits your learning style!

Unit 1:  Scientific method, graphing and experimental skills (and intro to Biology)

Reference: Chapter 1               Labs/Activities:  Isopod Lab,

  1. What is the definition of Biology?  What are the root words?
  2. What are the five characteristics of life?
  3. What does it mean for an organism to be unicellular?  Multicellular?
  4. What is an independent variable?  How can you find it in an experiment?
  5. What is a dependent variable?  How do you know which it is in an experiment?
  6. What are controlled variables or variables held constant (and why do we need them)?
  7. What is the difference between quantitative and qualitative data?
  8. What is the difference between an observation and an interpretation?
  9. Make up or find an example of a lab experiment.  Identify the I.V., D.V. and controlled variables.
  10. What distinguishes the scientific method from just random experimenting? 
  11. What is a hypothesis? (Do not say an educated guess!)
  12. Discuss each component of “TMS” and why each is important to a good experiment.
  • Test and Control
  • Multiple Trials
  • Same Conditions         
  1. What are the characteristics of life? (There are 5)
  2. What is a stimulus and what is a response?

 

Unit 2:  Ecology, Cycles and Relationships

Reference: Chapter 2, 3           Labs/Activities:  Oh Deer, Population Project,

  1. What is an ecosystem?  What three things need to be in a definition of it?
  2. What is the difference between abiotic and biotic factors?
  3. What is the biosphere?
  4. What is a community, what is a population, and how are they different?
  5. What is a habitat, what is a niche, and how are they similar and different?
  6. What happens when niches overlap?
  7. When is competition most intense?
  8. What is the difference between a food web and a food chain?
  9. What is a producer? What are synonyms for this word?
  10. Where do producers get their energy?
  11. What is a consumer?  What are other names for producers?
  12. What is the difference between a C1 and a C2 and a C3?  Give examples.
  13. What is a trophic level and how much energy is lost between trophic levels, at minimum?
  14. What are energy pyramids and what do they represent?
  15. What is a decomposer?  How is that different and similar to a scavenger?
  16. What does symbiosis mean, with a literal translation?
  17. Define and give examples of mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.
    1. Classify each of the above as “help-help,”  “help-harm” and “help-no change.”
  18. What is the competitive exclusion principle? 
  19. What is the difference between primary and secondary succession.
  20. What are pioneer species? How do these differ between primary and secondary? Give examples
  21. What else changes between succession stages besides plants?  List at least 3 additional things.
  22. What affects how large a poulatin can get?
  23. What is the difference between a J and S shaped curve?
  24. Describe carrying capacity.
  25. What are negative consequences of overpopulation?

 

 

Unit 3: Cell chemistry and Organic Compounds (including enzymes)

Reference: Chapter 6               Labs/Activities: Canned Food Activities, Ball and Stick Models, Macro in the Middle, Jello Lab

  1. What is the center of an atom called?
  2. What is the difference between a compound and a mixture?
  3. What is a covalent bond?
  4. What is a chemical equation and where are the reactants and products?
  5. What are the 4 major macromolecules in our body?
  6. What elements are in each of these?
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  1. What are the monomers for each of these?
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  1. What are examples of polymers of carbohydrates?
  2. What carbohydrates can we digest?  Which can we not digest?
  3. What are functions/uses of each of these?
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  1. What is important to know about enzymes?  What is the most important thing about an enzyme?
  2. What are enzymes like?

 

Unit 4: Cells, Cell Theory and Parts of the Cell AND

Unit 5: The Cell Membrane and Active and Passive Transport (including osmosis)

Reference: Chapter 7 and 8   Labs/Activities: Clay modeling, full body, egg lab

  1. What are the 3 parts of the cell theory?
  2. What three things does a cell, any cell, need to be a cell?
  3. Compare and contrast eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells with a Venn diagram or T-chart.
  4. Describe the function(s) and location of the following organelles: 
  1. Nucleus
  2. ER (smooth and rough)
  3. Chloroplasts
  4. Mitochondria
  5. Vacuole
  6. Cytoplasm
  7. Lysosome
  8. Nucleolus
  9. Ribosome
  10. Golgi body
  11. Microtubules
  12. Centrioles
  13. Cell Membrane
  14. Cell Wall
  15. Other? 
  1. What cell part is responsible for compounds entering and leaving of the cell?
  2. What does semi-permeable mean?
  3. What are the structures of the plasma membrane?  (at least four)
  4. Sketch the plasma membrane, cartoon detail style.
  5. Describe a phospholipid.
  6. What does each structure of the plasma membrane do?
    1. Phospholipid bilayer
    2. Protein
    3. Cholesterol
    4. Carbohydrate
  7. Our model for the plasma membrane called the “fluid mosaic” model.  Why?
  8. What are the parts of the plasma membrane and what does each do?
  9. What does structure have to do with function?
  10. What is diffusion?
  11. What is facilitated diffusion?
  12. What is osmosis?
  13. What is active transport? 
  14. What are two ways is active transport is different than passive transport?
  15. What are endocytosis and exocytosis and how do they work?  Draw one in cartoon form.
  16. What happens to a cell in a hypotonic solution?  Provide an example from a lab.
  17. What happens to a cell in a hypertonic solution?  Provide an example from a lab.
  18. What happens to a cell in an isotonic solution? 
  19. What is dynamic equilibrium?
  20. Things in nature like to spread out and even out.  What are examples of this?

 

BONUS QUESTIONS: - not covered

Photosynthesis!  Find out the equation (products, reactants...) and some other facts...

Unit 6:  Cell Energy, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and ATP

Reference: Chapter 9    

  1. What does photo mean?  What does synthesis mean?  What is photosynthesis?
  2. Are matter and energy the same thing?
  3. What is the balanced, net equation for photosynthesis?
  4. What does the Law of Conservation of Matter state?
  5. Where does all the mass of a tree originate?
  6. How do we know what we know about photosynthesis?
  7. What organelle is responsible for photosynthesis?
  8. Where is the energy from sunlight trapped by plants?
  9. Why are plants green?
  10. What color light is least valuable to plants doing photosynthesis?
  11. What factors influence the rate of photosynthesis and how?
  12. What happens to glucose in a plant?

 

 

 

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