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AP BIO!! DNA and DNA Processes, including PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

For Protein Synthesis links, scroll down or click here.  Also check out Section 8.4 and 8.5 of your textbook.

NOTE: Homework for the weekend beginning Friday, 2/6/15 is to write down the detailed steps that occur during the process of Protein Synthesis.  You should have a list of sequential (in order) events that occur during transcription and during translation.  You should be detailed enough to state what "characters" (molecules) are involved in each step and the order events occur.  This can be in numbered format or narrative, but more students will find numbering is more helpful.  This homework should be written in your notebook. You should indicate what source/types of sources you used to get your information (for example, from a video, from the textbook...).  HINT: If you do this assignment correctly, you will essentially have made an answer key to the "card arrange" activity from class on Friday!  This is due Monday, 2/9/15 in your notebook

For the Protein Synthesis Online Assignment Links (2/10/15), scroll down or click here.


 

For the DNA Repl. Homework assignment for Thursday 1/29 (due Monday 2/2) scroll down or click here

If you lost your homework paper (shame!), you can click here for the questions.

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Websites you should check out:

Basic Structure   [For quiz on 2/5/16]

Basic DNA Structure   http://www.blc.arizona.edu/molecular_graphics/dna_structure/dna_tutorial.html#Components

Images:  https://www.google.com/search?q=dna+structure&safe=active&espv=2&biw=1280&bih=899&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=L52-VMqCHs35yQSj6ICwAw&ved=0CB0QsAQ

DNA History and Structure     After reading the history, scroll all the way down to play a game - I bet you can't beat the game... http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/dna_double_helix/readmore.html   (Game is at the bottom)  http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/dna_double_helix/dnahelix.html

Basic Structure Videos  [For quiz on 2/5/16]

Structure video (1:19 min)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qy8dk5iS1f0

Structure and function video (also describes Protein Synthesis) (5:23 min) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwibgNGe4aY

Much slower version (2:19 min) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rromYAt1Lfw&list=PLpRbr3AY4dwVeRF-f5rFN2mu4HdDpczrC

More detailed version, step by step *from Bozeman Science (Mr. Anderson) (10:30 min) DNA Structure  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6PP-C4udkA   This site will help with step by step notes like we did on the DNA Primer in class. 

Long video with info about a lot  (13 minutes) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JIPw-Bd0WGg

 

Extract DNA at Home!

Extract DNA from Strawberries  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaEvXAKlOe0&list=PLpRbr3AY4dwVeRF-f5rFN2mu4HdDpczrC&index=3   *not all strawberries are octoploid, but many storebought ones are

Extract DNA from Bananas (Australian accent!)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ew9-YGrgpWo


How DNA Replicates: [For week of 2/8 through 2/12/16]

Build DNA!  http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/builddna/

Click on the words DNA Replication to begin:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/dna/shockwave.html

Good animation with sound and quiz.  http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__dna_replication__quiz_1_.html     Look to the left - there are two more animations about DNA replication with quizzes.  Check them out too.

Someone in class asked about the RNA primers.  There is extra credit for correctly explaining why we need RNA primers during the replication process - in your own words.  The site above will help.

Find the answer to WHEN...  http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm

Game from the Nobel Prize Site  http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/dna_double_helix/index.html  

 

How DNA Replicates - Videos: [For week of 2/8 through 2/12/16]

Good for understanding 5' to 3'  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdc3T8droNo&feature=fvw   (watched in class on 1/28/14)

Howard Hughes Institute Detailed video.  http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_replication_vo2.html  Watched in class on 1/29

Howard Hughes Institute Short/Simpler video  http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_replication_vo1.html

DNA replication showing replication fork and two  DNA  polymerases:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mtLXpgjHL0&feature=related   Watched in class on 1/29

DNA Replication: Old school-ish http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGUuX4PGlCc&feature=related

No sound, but good detail and word descriptions.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNXFk_d6y80  

Long video with info about a lot  (13 minutes) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JIPw-Bd0WGg

This is the site from 2/2/12.  The 5' to 3' video is number /1469 but there are many good videos at this site.  http://www.mindbites.com/category/22-biology

 


How DNA gives instructions (aka  Protein Synthesis): [2/22 through 2/29] 

*Check out Sections 8.4 and 8.5 of your textbook.  

 

Make a protein!   http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/transcribe/

Unzip the DNA and keep going!  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/dna/shockwave.html

Check out these McGraw-Hill sites; the videos are similar but the quizzes are different.

Transcription:

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__mrna_synthesis__transcription___quiz_1_.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__mrna_synthesis__transcription___quiz_2_.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072556781/student_view0/chapter12/animation_quiz_1.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072556781/student_view0/chapter12/animation_quiz_2.html

Translation:

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072943696/student_view0/chapter2/animation__protein_synthesis__quiz_1_.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072943696/student_view0/chapter2/animation__protein_synthesis__quiz_2_.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072556781/student_view0/chapter12/animation_quiz_2.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__protein_synthesis__quiz_3_.html

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__protein_synthesis__quiz_3_.html

The text in in the upper left - don't miss it!  The advance arrow is in the lower right.  http://www.wisc-online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=AP1302

Transcription with lots of molecular detail:  http://www.johnkyrk.com/DNAtranscription.html

Translation with lots of molecular detail: http://www.johnkyrk.com/DNAtranslation.html

VIDEOS

Transcription, translation... Scroll to near the bottom of the link to find the two applicable videos http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations/

Transcription: http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations/transcription/index.htm

Translation: http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations/translation/index.htm

Howard Hughes Institute Transcription Video: http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_transcription_vo2.html

Howard Hughes Institute Translation Video:  http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_translation_vo2.html

Still need more?  Try this: http://www.dnaftb.org/    Or, Scroll down and get a peek at the in-class assignment sites.

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References:

Codon table: Rectangle - names and abbreviations  http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect20/codontable2.jpg

Codon/Amino Acid table: Circle - full names  http://scienceblogs.com/oscillator/genetic%20code.jpg

Codon/Amino Acid table: Circle - abbreviations  http://www.science-assessments.com/sites/science-assessments.com/files/files/images/Codons_aminoacids_table.png?1279136045


Online Videos that show the processes: 

(Note: These may not all be viewable on school computers, and there are many more out there - this is just a sample)

Howard Hughes Short video about replication - accurate http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_replication_vo1.html

Howard Hughes Short video about translation- accurate http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_translation_vo1.html

**NOTE:  There are many more on this hhmi.org website - click on the tabs at the top to see.**

DNA Replication:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teV62zrm2P0

DNA replication showing replication fork and two DNA polymerases:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mtLXpgjHL0&feature=related

DNA Replication: Guy is talking; good for understanding 5' to 3'  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdc3T8droNo&feature=fvw

DNA Replication: Old school-ish http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGUuX4PGlCc&feature=related

Transcription, translation... Scroll to near the bottom of the link to find the two applicable videos http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations/

Select/Search for the appropriate topics   http://www.youtube.com/user/FreeScienceLectures

Long video with info about a lot  (13 minutes) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JIPw-Bd0WGg

 


WEBSITES FOR USE IN THE DNA REPLICATION ASSIGNMENT      (back to top)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/dna/shockwave.html

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/builddna/

http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072507470/student_view0/chapter3/animation__dna_replication__quiz_1_.html

http://www.dnalc.org/view/15891-DNA-sequencing-game-interactive-2D-animation.html

http://genome.pfizer.com/zipunzip.cfm

 


WEBSITES FOR USE IN THE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS ONLINE ASSIGNMENT      (back to top) 

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/transcribe/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/dna/shockwave.html

One of the mcgraw-hill sites for transcription

One of the mcgraw-hill sites for translation

http://www.wisc-online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=AP1302

http://www.johnkyrk.com/DNAtranscription.html

http://www.johnkyrk.com/DNAtranslation.html

http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_transcription_vo2.html  AND  http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/DNAi_translation_vo2.html

 

 

 

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