MATTER TEST REVIEW

Here are some additional resources that will not be given in class. 


Matter Quiz 2 – Study Guide


Scientific Method

  • List the steps of the scientific method in the space below.

1.   State problem or question

2.  Write hypothesis

3.  Experiment

4.  analyse data

5.  Draw conclusions

6.  Share findings

Variables

Using the statements below, identify the independent variable and dependent variable, and write an if…, then…. hypothesis.


Fertilizer may affect the growth of corn.

            IV =  fertilizer

            DV = growth of corn

Hypothesis : If you apply 25 grams of fertilizer to corn once a week, then the growth of the corn will increase by 15%.


Eating walnuts may affect the growth of your hair.

            IV =  walnuts

            DV = hair growth

Hypothesis : If you eat 10 walnuts each day for 30 days, then your hair will grow 5 cm in a month.


Metric Conversions

Metric Prefixes in order:

Kilo, Hecto, Deka (Basic Units: gram, meter, liter) deci, centi, milli


8.5 km = 8500 m                            47 mm = 4.7 cm

           

45.6 cm = .456 m                           20 dkm = 2000 dm


          5 hL = 500 L                                     1000 g = 1 kg



Measuring Matter

           

Method

Definition

Metric

Units

Equipment

Mass

the amount of matter in an object

grams

triple beam balance

Volume of a solid

(Regular Shape)

the amount of space an object takes up

L * W * H

cm3, mL

ruler, meter tape

Volume of a solid

(Irregular Shape)

the amount of space an object takes up

*water displacement

cm3, mL

graduated cylinder

Density

the ratio of mass to volume in a substance

D=mass/volume

g/mL or g/ cm3

triple beam balance, graduated cylinder, ruler


Properties and Changes of Matter


Definition

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

Physical Property

a characteristic of a substance that is observed without changing the identity of the substance

blue socks


(color)

solid ice cube



state

(solid, liquid, gas)

copper wire


conductivity (heat and electricity transfer)

Chemical Property

describe matter’s ability to change into new matter with new properties

flammability

reactivity

combustibility

Physical Change

a change of matter from one form to another without identity change

ripping paper

crushing a can

melting popsicle

Chemical Change

when a substance changes into a new substance with new properties

rust on a nail

soured milk

baking a cake


Matter Test 1 Study Guide

Chapter 1: p. 24-25, Chapter 3: p. 66-69, 74-78,

 Chapter 11: p. 318-325, and Chapter 12: p. 338-339

1.  What is matter?

Anything that has mass and takes up space


2.  Why is air matter?

Air is matter because it has mass and volume; able to be observed in a balloon, while breathing, etc.


3.  What is mass?

The amount of matter in an object


4.  What units would I measure mass in?

Mass should be expressed in grams (g)


5.  What piece of equipment would I need to measure mass?

Triple beam balance


6.  What is volume?

cm3 or liters (l)

7.  How do I measure the volume of a regular solid (box)?  What units?

              Length X Width X Height; units would be cm3


8.  What units do I use to measure the volume of an irregular solid (marble)?

              Milliliter (ml)


9.  What units do I use to measure liquid volume?

              Liter (L)


10.  What is the correct order for the metric units?

              Kilo, Hecto, Deka, deci, centi, milli


11.  Why is the metric system important?

It is based on the number ten, used around the world, and convenient/easy for scientists to share information.


12.  What are the differences between atoms and molecules?

             

Atoms

Molecules

Smallest unit of matter; made of protons, neutrons, and electrons; has a nucleus surrounded by shells/orbits

Made of 2 or more atoms; atoms can be the same or different

13.  Draw what the four states of matter look like.



14.  What are some examples of plasma?

The sun, flames, fluorescent lights


15.  Which state of matter has the highest energy? 

Plasma > gas


16.  Which state of matter has the lowest energy?

Solids


17.  Define the following phase changes of matter:

             

CONDENSATION

Gas à Liquid

MELTING

Solid à Liquid

FREEZING

Liquid à Solid

EVAPORATION

Liquid à Gas

SUBLIMATION

Solid àGas


18.  Describe the following parts of an atom:

             

PROTON

Large, positively charged, found in the nucleus, determined by the atomic number

NEUTRON

Large, no charge, found in the nucleus, determined by subtracting atomic number from the atomic mass

ELECTRON

Small, negative charge, found in the shells/orbits, determined by finding the number of protons


19.  Describe the following terms:

             

Atomic Mass

The sum of the Protons and Neutrons of an element

Atomic Number

The number of Protons found in an atom/element

Chemical Symbol

The abbreviation for elements on the periodic table; can be one – two letters






20.  Describe what is happening in the graph below at points A-E.

graph 

A

Matter is a solid; temperature is increasing

B

Temperature is constant; solid is melting

C

Matter is a liquid; temperature is increasing

D

Temperature is constant; liquid is evaporating

E

Matter is a gas; temperature is increasing


21.  What must be added to get from A to E?


Thermal (heat) energy to increase temperature and separate particles.



22.  Draw and label an atom (Bohr model) for the element Neon (Ne).


SUMMATIVE MATTER UNIT TEST STUDY GUIDE

All questions have book numbers listed, but your notes can be just as helpful. 

ANSWER ON SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER

  1. Why is it important to control variables in an experiment?
  2. What is matter? (p.38)


  1. What is the Metric System and what number is it based on? (p.25)


  1. What is mass? 


  1. What units are used to measure mass? (p.25). 


  1. What is the difference between mass and weight? (p.41)


  1. What is volume?  (p.25-26 & 39-40)


  1. What units would be used to measure the volume of a solid?


  1. What units would be used to measure the volume of a liquid? (p.25-26 & 39-40)


  1. List 6 physical properties of matter? (p.44-45)


  1. What is density?  (p.46-47)


  1. What is formula for density?  (p.46-47)


  1. What would the units of density be for a solid? (p.46-47)


  1. What would be the units of density for a liquid? (p.46-47)


  1. List the 3 chemical properties of matter? (p.50-51)


  1. Why are chemical properties harder to observe than physical properties? (p.51)


  1. What is the difference between a physical change and a chemical change? (p.54-55)


  1. List all the signs of a chemical change? (p.53)


  1. What are the four states of matter? (p.66-69)


  1. Explain how the particles move in each state of matter. (p.66-69)


  1. Which state of matter has the particles that move the fastest? (p.66-69)


  1. What state of matter has the greatest amount of energy? (p.66-69)


  1. What is the difference between a gas and plasma? (p.66-69)


24. List all the changes of state and define them (p.74-78)


25. What is an atom? (p.318-321)


26. Draw and label an atom with the particles.(p.319)


27. What charge does each particle have? (p.319-321)


28. Draw the Bohr diagram of element X  that has an atomic number of 15 and atomic mass of 31.65.


29. What is a pure substance?  What 2 types of matter are pure substances? (p.91 & 94)


30. What is an element? (p.90)


31. How is the periodic table arranged? (p.336-342)


32. What is a group/family? 


33. What is a period? (P.336-342)


34. How do properties change as you move across a period? (P.336-342)


35. Explain why the elements in a group/family are more closely related than those in a period?


36. What is a compound? 


37. How are compounds formed? (p.94-97)


38. What happens to the identities of the elements when a compound is formed? (p.94-97)


39. Give 3 examples of chemical formulas.


40. Compare and contrast compounds and mixtures different? (p.96-98)



41. What is a solution (homogeneous mixture)? (p.100)


42. What is the difference between a solution (homogeneous mixture) and a heterogeneous mixture?


43. In a chemical reaction, what is the reactant?  What is the product?


44. What does the law of conservation of mass mean?