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Study Guide/ Test & Quiz Review

Study Guide/ Review

Helpful information is avaliable to you below in order to assist you in being successful on your quizes, tests and exams.

Posted 09/12/2012

Test on Chapter 3 & 4 (Chapter 3 sections 1 & 2 only and Chapter 4 sections 1 and 4 only)

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   The branch of biology dealing with interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment is called

 

a.

economy.

b.

modeling.

c.

recycling.

d.

ecology.

 

 

____    2.   Which of the following descriptions about the organization of an ecosystem is correct?

 

a.

Communities make up species, which make up populations.

b.

Populations make up species, which make up communities.

c.

Species make up communities, which make up populations.

d.

Species make up populations, which make up communities.

 

 

____    3.   The simplest grouping of more than one kind of organism in the biosphere is

 

a.

a population.

b.

a community.

c.

an ecosystem.

d.

a species.

 

 

____    4.   The lowest level of environmental complexity that includes living and nonliving factors is the

 

a.

biome.

b.

community.

c.

ecosystem.

d.

biosphere.

 

 

____    5.   Which of the following is NOT a basic method used by ecologists to study the living world?

 

a.

experimenting

b.

animal training

c.

modeling

d.

observing

 

 

____    6.   Plants are

 

a.

primary producers.

b.

primary consumers.

c.

herbivores.

d.

omnivores.

 

 

____    7.   The algae at the beginning of the food chain in Figure 3–1 are

 

a.

primary consumers.

b.

decomposers.

c.

primary producers.

d.

heterotrophs.

 

 

____    8.   How do most primary producers make their own food?

 

a.

by using light energy to make carbohydrates

b.

by using chemical energy to make carbohydrates

c.

by changing water into carbon dioxide

d.

by breaking down remains to make carbon dioxide

 

 

____    9.   Which of the following organisms does NOT require sunlight to live?

 

a.

chemosynthetic bacteria

b.

algae

c.

trees

d.

photosynthetic bacteria

 

 

____  10.   In what way are herbivores and carnivores alike?

 

a.

They both use photosynthesis to make their own food.

b.

They both obtain energy by consuming other organisms.

c.

They both directly consume producers.

d.

They both are considered to be autotrophs.

 

 

____  11.   A model of the complex feeding interactions among organisms in a community from producers to decomposers is called a

 

a.

food web.

b.

ecosystem.

c.

food chain.

d.

population.

 

 

____  12.   What animals eat both producers and consumers?

 

a.

herbivores

b.

omnivores

c.

chemotrophs

d.

autotrophs

 

 

____  13.   A bird stalks, kills, and then eats an insect. Based on its behavior, which pair of ecological terms describes the bird?

 

a.

herbivore, decomposer

b.

producer, heterotroph

c.

carnivore, consumer

d.

autotroph, herbivore

 

 

____  14.   A word that means the same thing as consumer is

 

a.

producer.

b.

autotroph.

c.

heterotroph.

d.

carbohydrate.

 

 

____  15.   Organisms need nutrients in order to

 

a.

utilize hydrogen and oxygen.

b.

carry out essential life functions.

c.

recycle chemical compounds.

d.

carry out nitrogen fixation.

 

 

____  16.   Animals that get energy by eating the carcasses of other animals that have been killed by predators or have died of natural causes are called

 

a.

scavengers.

b.

omnivores.

c.

heterotrophs.

d.

detritivores.

 

 

____  17.   Each of the following is an abiotic factor in the environment EXCEPT

 

a.

plant life.

b.

soil type.

c.

rainfall.

d.

temperature.

 

 

____  18.   During a long period when there is no rainfall, a mountain lion may temporarily leave its usual hunting territory to drink from a farm pond. This behavior is due to

 

a.

its need to find different foods to eat.

b.

the change in an abiotic factor in its environment.

c.

its need to find a new habitat.

d.

the change in a biotic factor in its environment.

 

 

____  19.   What is at the base of all ecological pyramids?

 

a.

consumers

b.

decomposers

c.

producers

d.

scavengers

 

 

____  20.   Which of the following is a food chain in the food web shown in Figure 3–4?

 

a.

tree, rabbit, hawk, snake

b.

grass, grasshopper, snake, hawk

c.

grass, caterpillar, robin, hawk

d.

tree, deer, mountain lion, fox

Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 

____    1.   An ecologist who is studying a group of ecosystems that have similar climates and are home to similar organisms is studying a community. _________________________

 

____    2.   Producers release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere during the process of photosynthesis.

 

____    3.   Animals that feed on plants are called producers.

 

____    4.         Oxygen is important for ecosystems because it is used by plants during photosynthesis

 

http://www.allaboutnature.com/subjects/foodchain/samplefoodchains.GIF

http://mskneer.net/foodweb.jpg

http://www.kidsgeo.com/geography-for-kids/0162-food-chains.php

http://drake.marin.k12.ca.us/stuwork/rockwater/PLANKTON/Food%20Chain.htm

http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa09/tje50/Importance.html

 

.*Note these are not the only type of questions that will be on the test, they are just here to provide additional help. Please review your notes from Chapter 3 &  4  when you study. GOOD LUCK!

 

 

 

 

 

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