Vocabulary Words

Week 8:  Character Traits

  1. Apprehensive: uneasy or fearful about something that might happen
  2. Corrupt: guilty of dishonest practices; crooked
  3. Glum:  gloomy; dejected.
  4. Lackadaisical: without interest, vigor, or determination; lethargic
  5. Malicious: intentionally harmful
  6. Rebellious: defying or resisting some established authority, government, or tradition
  7. Sheepish: embarrassed or bashful, as by having done something wrong or foolish.
  8. Amiable: kind and friendly
  9. Ingenious: Clever
  10. Selfless: having little or no concern for oneself, especially with regard to fame, position, money, etc.; unselfish
  11. Courageous:  Not deterred by danger or pain; brave

Week 7: Story Structure Vocabulary Words:

  1. Theme:  lesson or message the author is trying to convey to the audience.
  2. Plot:  The main events in a story
  3. Exposition:  Introduction of a story
  4. Rising Action: a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the climax.
  5. Climax: the highest or most intense point in the development of a story.
  6. Falling Action:  the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached. This is where the problem is usually solved.
  7. Denouement: The conclusion of a story
  8. Character vs. Character Conflict: In this type of conflict, the main character is having a problem with another character in the story, human or not.
  9. Chracter vs. Nature Conflict:  In this type of conflict, some force of nature is causing a conflict with the main character.
  10. Chracter vs. Self-Conflict: In this type of conflict, the character is struggling with some sort of inner conflict
  11. Character vs. Society Conflict:  In this type of conflict, the character has a problem with a larger group, community, culture, or society.
  12. Protagonist:  Hero in a story
  13. Antagonist:  Villian in a story


Week 4:  Native American Vocabulary Words

Three Sisters: Corn, beans, squash

Cultivate: preapre and use land for crops or gathering

Cash Crop: Crops grown for money

Commodities: A raw material or agricultural product that can be bought or sold

Intricate: Very complicated or detailed

Hamlets: villiages

Indigenous: Native to an area

Nomadic: Wandering

Agrarian: cultivation of land

Irrigation: the supply of water to land or crops to help grow

Sedentary: not moving

Hogans: Navajo roudn houses moade of mud and bark

Harpoons: a barbed spear like missile attached to a long rope, thrown by hand. Used to catching whales and other sea creatures.

Tribelets: hundred to a thousand people aligned cultrually.

Week 3: Words Fifth Graders Should Know:

Abolish: To end or stop

Acquire: To buy or obtain

Enthusiast:  A person who is highly interested in an activity

Oppose:  To disapprove of something

Equivalent:  Equal in amount, value, or function

Hesitate:  Pause before saying or doing something

Harsh:  Cruel or severe

Trudge:  To walk slowly

Convince: Persuade someone to do something

Conclude: Arrive at a judgement or opinion by reasoning

Garrulous: Talkative

Escalate:  Increase rapidly

Influence:  Capacity to have an effect on a character, development, or behavior on someone

Perturbed:  Mad or upset

Placid:  Calm

Establish: Set up or found


Region vocabulary words:  Week #2

Delta: A triangle shaped area at the end of a river

Humid: Damp and moist weather

Natural Resources: Resources found in nature (minerals, trees, fuel)

Industry: All the business that produce one kind of good or provide one kind of service

Agriculture: Business of growing and raising animals

Canal: A ditch dug across land to connect one waterway with another

Northeaster: A storm that brings over a foot of snow at one time

Livestock: Animals raised on a farm (cattle, hogs, chickens)

Plains: Areas of flat land

Plateau: A plateau is high, flat landform that rises steeply from the land around it

Canyon: A canyon is a deep, narrow valley with steep sides

Aqueducts: Large pipes or canals that move water over a long distance

Basin: A low bowl shaped landform that is lower than the land around it

Geyser: A hot spring that shoots boiling hot water and steam into the air


Genre Vocabulary Words:  Week #1

Autobiography/Biography: A genre consisting of a story about someone’s life written by another person. An autobiography is a genre consisting of a story about someone’s life written by that person.

Fantasy: A genre consisting of stories that could NOT happen in real life. These books often have magic, mythical creatures, talking animals, or the imaginary world. These books are often more complex.

Historical Fiction: A genre consisting of stories that could take place in the PAST. Often times the story is made up but is set in the past and sometimes borrows true characteristics of the time period in which it is set.

Mystery: A genre consisting of stories where the main character is often trying to solve a mystery or crime. Usually this genre has clues, a detective, and suspects.

Realistic Fiction: A genre consisting of stories that could have actually occurred to people or animals in a believable setting. These stories resemble real life and have a problem and solution in the story.

Science Fiction: A genre consisting of stories that could NOT happen in real life. These books often have some sort of science, technology, or time travel and take place in the future.


"In teaching others we teach ourselves"  - Proverb