Milestones Review

Milestones Practice Test Link

 

This is an example of what will be on the Georgia Milestone's this year. Students will have two writings with multiple choice questions and writing with textual evidence.

 

 

Disadvantages of Technology Advances

by Lynda Moultry Belcher, Demand Media

 

In today's world, where just about everything is more convenient and accessible due to advances in technology across almost all sectors, it may seem as though it's a misnomer to even mention any disadvantages of technological advances. However, despite how far technology has taken humans and no matter how convenient it may make things, there are some disadvantages accompanying this level of access.

 

Disadvantage: Dependency

The more advanced society becomes technologically, the more people begin to depend on computers and other forms of technology for everyday existence. This means that when a machine breaks or a computer crashes, humans become almost disabled until the problem is resolved. This kind of dependency on technology puts people at a distinct disadvantage, because they become less self-reliant.

 

Disadvantage: Less Value in Human Workers

At the same time, human workers retain less value, which is a disadvantage of technological advances. Because machines automate processes and do the work of 10 people with one computer, companies find they don't need to employ as many people to get the job done. As machines and computers become even more advanced and efficient, this will continue to be a growing disadvantage of technology and an issue that has a global impact.

 

 

 

 

Advantages of Technology Advances

 

 

by Lynda Moultry Belcher, Demand Media

 

 

Advantage: Great Discoveries in All Industries

Technology advances show people a more efficient way to do things, and these processes get results. For example, education has been greatly advanced by the technological advances of computers. Students are able to learn on a global scale without ever leaving their classrooms. Agricultural processes that once required dozens upon dozens of human workers can now be automated, thanks to advances in technology, which means cost-efficiency for farmers. Medical discoveries occur at a much more rapid rate, thanks to machines and computers that aid in the research process and allow for more intense educational research into medical matters.
 

Advantage: Cost Efficiency

Cost efficiency is an advantage in some ways and a disadvantage in others. As technology improves on existing processes and showcases new ways to accomplish tasks, machines are able to produce the same -- if not more -- output than humans in certain industries. This results in cost savings for business owners, allowing them to invest in growth in other areas of the business, which contributes on a positive level to the economy as a whole.

 

 

 

 

 

Questions for Advantages & Disadvantages of Technology Advances

Name ___________________________________

  1. What is the main idea of the first selection (Advantages) as it relates to education?

 

  1. “Technology advances show people a more efficient way to do things, and these processes get results.”
  2. “Students are able to learn on a global scale without ever leaving their classrooms.”
  3. “Cost efficiency is an advantage in some ways and a disadvantage in others.”
  4. “This results in cost savings for business owners, allowing them to invest in growth in other areas of the business, which contributes on a positive level to the economy as a whole.”

 

  1. What is the main idea of the second selection (Disadvantages) concerning the loss of jobs?

 

  1. “However, despite how far technology has taken humans and no matter how convenient it may make things, there are some disadvantages accompanying this level of access.”
  2. “The more advanced society becomes technologically, the more people begin to depend on computers and other forms of technology for everyday existence.”
  3. “At the same time, human workers retain less value, which is a disadvantage of technological advances.”
  4. “Because machines automate process and do the work of 10 people with one computer, companies find they don’t need to employ as many people to get the job done.”

 

Constructed Response:  Give a brief answer (using textual evidence) about each author’s purpose and reasons why each supports his/her stance.  MUST be at least four sentences. Use textual evidence introduction #7 (Based on what I read...)

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An Exemplary response (for the constructed response) would be:

     Both articles addressed technological advances. The author for the first article on the "Disadvantages of Technology Advances" is giving information and trying to persuade the reader that technology has been a detriment to society.  He states two reasons for his stance: dependency and less value on human workers.  Based on what I read, the author believes that technology makes "people less self-reliant" and that machines can "do the work of 10 people" so companies do not need to employ as many workers. 

     The second author who wrote the article about the "Advantages of Technology Advances" is trying to persuade the reader that technology is an asset to society. Two reasons for his stance include cost efficiency and that there have been many great discoveries in all industries. According to the text, technology "results in cost savings for business owners" and also helps medically. The text states that "medical discoveries occur at a much more rapid rate." 

     Both authors were trying to persuade the reader to their point of view. It is easy to see that this is a controversial subject and one that has many points to consider on each side. 

 

 

 

Milestones things to Know

 

Active/passive voice

Alliteration

Protagonist/antagonist

Appositives

Verbals [participle/gerund/infinitive]

Citation

Connotation/denotation

Ellipses

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Hyperbole/exaggeration

Understatement

Foreshadowing

Onomatopoeia

Primary source

Secondary source

Pun

Oxymoron

Parallel structure

Comma rules - especially with phrases/clauses

Colloquial language

Paraphrase

Internal citation

Text evidence

Analysis

Evaluate

Summarize

Point of view

Figurative language [know how to find/explain from a passage]

Compare/contrast

Verb moods [imperative/indicative/conditional/subjunctive]

Idiom

Cliché

Allusion

 

 


Constructed Responses:

                                                                                

R – Restate the question

A – Answer

C – Citings from the text in quotation marks with introduction

E – Examples/Elaboration

 

Example of “R” and “A” and “C”. Don’t forget to put the “E”.  

 

Prompt from “Stalin” in commonlit.org

 

What were Khrushchev’s likely motivations in delivering his “Secret Speech”? Consider what he covered, what he left out, and what he emphasized in the speech, according to the text. Cite evidence from the text in your answer.

 

 

      Khruschchev’s likely motivations when he delivered his “Secret Speech” included… (and here you would tell the motivations-plural-found in the text but put in your own words). According to the text, he stated that “-put quote here-“.  The quote explains how he was motivated by political issues. Some of what he covered included, “quote”. EXPLAIN. However, Khruschchev left out other information like “quote”. Things he emphasized included, “quote” and “quote”.  EXPLAIN.

 

  • keep them simple; cut out the “fluff”
  • use transitions:
    • additionally
    • in addition to
    • likewise
    • moreover
    • furthermore
    • on the other hand
  • try not to use 1st and 2nd person pronouns [I, me, we, our, any form of “you”]
  • be SPECIFIC in your response – refer to the text whenever possible
  • Ways to introduce evidence:
    • According to the author…
    • In the passage it states…
    • As stated in paragraph 4…
    • Also, the author writes/states…
    • As stated in the text…
    • The author illustrates this point when she states…
    • For example…
    • For instance…
    • In addition to…

 

  • Words That Can Be Used Instead of “Said”:
    • states
    • implies
    • writes
    • discusses
    • argues
    • defends
    • explains
    • concludes
    • comments
    • suggests
    • claims
    • demonstrates
    • infers
  • paraphrase instead of looking for a direct quote to use