Romeo & Juliet

Romeo and Juliet

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R&J Timeline



Act 1 list

1. adversary (n)- enemy

2. augmenting (v)- adding to; enlarging

3. deformities (n)- irregularities; disfigurements

4. discreet (adj)- showing good judgment; perceptive

5. disparagement (n)- criticism

6. nuptial (n)- marriage; wedding

7. obscured (adj)- hidden; darkened

8. pernicious (adj)- harmful; destructive

9. portentous (adj)- ominous; threatening

10. posterity (n)- future generations

11. prodigious (adj)- terrible; extraordinary

12. profane (v)- dishonor; make impure

13. propagate (v)- reproduce; increase

14. purged (v)- got rid of; expelled


Act III List


Civil - well-mannered; proper 

Confines - interior; insides

Dexterity - skill; proficiency 

Digressing - getting off the main topic; deviating

Dismembered - took apart; split

Eloquence - expressiveness; verbal facility

Garish - gaudy; showy

Jocund - cheerful; happy

Martial - military; soldierly

Monarch - royalty, a king, queen, or emperor 

Plague - disease; hex

Prevails - controls; dominates

Reconcile - make peace among

Renowned - famous, well-known

Usurer - swindler, extortionist


Act 4 List

  1. Arbitrating

  2. Culled

  3. Distraught

  4. Entreat

  5. Immoderately

  6. Inundation

  7. Pensive

  8. Prostrate

  9. Resolution

  10. Solace

  11. Spited

  12. Surcease

  13. Supple 


Act 5 List 

  1. Abhorred

  2. Apprehend

  3. Canopy

  4. Contempt

  5. Disperse

  6. Inexorable

  7. Interred

  8. Penury

  9. Presage

  10. Remnants

  11. Righteous

  12. Steeped

  13. Wretchedness


Background Info (PPT)

Study packet

Study packet 2

Study packet 3

Study packet 4

Letter to Romeo or Juliet
Write a letter form the Montagues to Romeo, or the Capulets to Juliet, expressing
their disappointment in their son’s or daughter’s decision to elope with one of the
enemies of the family. The letter must state the parents point of view, the
reasons for their disappointment, and their solution to the predicament.

Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet 


Romeo & Juliet Literary Terms

Comedy: ends happily

Tragedy: ends with death/sadness

Dialogue: Speech between characters

Monologue: long speech by a character to another character

Soliloquy: a speech usually given when the character is alone that expresses (to the audience) that character’s inner thoughts/feelings.

Aside: a “whisper” on stage usually intended only for the audience to hear

Comic relief: a humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity

Simile: comparison using like/as

Metaphor: comparison that does NOT use like or as but instead compares directly.

Paradox: a seemingly contradictory statement that expresses a truth

Foreshadowing: hints or clues of what is to come

Foil: two characters whose opposite features highlight strengths and weaknesses in one another. EX: Atticus and Bob Ewell

Verbal Irony: when a character (sarcastically) says the opposite of what she/he really means.

Dramatic Irony: when a character does not know information that the audience does

Situational Irony: An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, reader, or audience.

Pun: A play on words. Ex: I tried to catch some fog. I mist. 

Tragic Hero: the hero in a tragedy whose end is a result of something negative that they do

Tragic Flaw: the one major character defect in the tragic hero’s personality


Act I: Includes the exposition, the exciting force, and introduction of conflict

This is what gets the action going which is why it is referred to as the exciting force or trigger incident. All the information needed to understand the circumstances of the play are provided. 


Act II: Develops the rising action

The series of events which lead up to the climax of the play comprise the rising action. These events provide a progressive intensity of interest for the audience. The rising action develops over several scenes of the play. All the action has been developed and any secondary plots (subplots) are well underway. 


Act III: Continues to develop the rising action and always contains the climax 

This act includes the turning point of the play. The most serious conflicts have been addressed. From this point on, the Shakespearean hero moves to his/ her inevitable end. 


Act IV: Falling action begins 

This act covers events occurring from the time of the climax up to the hero’s death. The episodes will show both advances and declines in various forces acting upon the hero. Like the rising action, the falling action will involve events across many scenes and into Act V. 


Act V Falling action ends and the conclusion occurs 

This act focuses on developing the consequences that are a natural outcome of the hero’s previous actions which must be the hero’s death. The catastrophe will characteristically be simple and brief.