1. Read the Water article and then answer these questions on a piece of paper and hand in for a grade:
What is freshwater?
Where is most of Earth’s freshwater found?
What process changes water from a liquid to a gas? From a gas to a liquid?
Define infiltration and runoff.
5. Describe the substance known as water.
6. Why does most precipitation fall into the oceans?Think Critically
7. Apply lesson concepts to explain how a forest fire might affect the water cycle.
8. Explain why this statement is true: “The water you drink today may once have quenched the thirst of a dinosaur.”
9. How does the Sun drive the water cycle? What would happen to the water cycle if the Sun decreased its intensity by half?
10. Apply lesson concepts to explain how a forest fire might affect the water cycle.
11. Explain why this statement is true: “The water you drink today may once have quenched the thirst of a dinosaur.”
12. How does the Sun drive the water cycle? What would happen to the water cycle if the Sun decreased its intensity by half?
13. As water moves through the water cycle, it spends some time on Earth’s surface as freshwater. Where is freshwater found on Earth’s surface?
14. How do people use freshwater on Earth’s surface?
15. Define and write a sentence for each word below:
Check out the below websites and pick a science fair project to do. Remember, if you want to be competitive, you must have a science fair project that has a test variable. Engineering projects will also be excepted. If you do not want to be competitive, you can create a science model that will explain a science concept. Not all projects require materials or supplies- some are free- pick a project that you want to do and can afford to do. Projects are due May 15.
Lastly, remember this should be FUN! Please pick a project that you WANT to do, are excited to learn about, and want to present in front of the class. You will have ALL of next week May 8-12 to complete your project in class, with help from me if you need it.
1. Click on each link to learn about the 3 types of rocks and then answer the questions that follow.
2. Igneous Rock
3. Sedimentary Rock
4. Metamorphic Rock
A. What is magma?
B. How are igneous rocks formed?
C. What is the most common type of igneous rock?
D. What happens when magma cools SLOWLY?
E. What characteristics do sedimentary rocks have?
F. Give examples of a "sediment".
G. How does sediment become sedimentary rock?
H. What does "metamorphic" mean?
I. How does metamorphic rock form?
1. Watch Animal Adaptations
2. Watch Plant Adaptations
3. Answer the questions the follow in your online journal:
A- What is an ecosystem?
B- What is the producer's job in an ecosystem?
C- Why are animals important to an ecosystem?
D- Draw and label a food chain. Be sure to label: decomposes, herbivores, carnivores, Sun, producers. Be sure to draw arrows to show the transfer of energy.
E- List some animal adaptations.
F- List some plant adaptations.
G- Play the Animal Adaptations Interactive
1. Watch Food Chains
2. Watch Ecosystems
3. Watch Food Webs
4. Answer the following questions in complete sentences in your online journal:
A- What is a producer? Give an example of one you know.
B- What is a consumer? Give an example of one you know.
C- What is an omnivore? Give an example of one you know.
D- What is the producer's job in an ecosystem?
E- Why are animals important in an ecosystem?
F- What is an ecosystem?
G- What are plants and animals that get their energy from eating other things?
H- What's a decomposer?
I- What part of the food chain eats only meat?
4. Play the Food Chain Game
1. Look at the plant below, draw and label the parts of the plant in your journal:
2. Watch Plants with Seeds
3. Watch Plants without Seeds
4. In your online journal, describe the process of reproduction in flowering plants.
5. What plant structures are similar to our human organs?
1. Lungs video
2. Digestive video
3. Urinary Organs video
4. Answer the following questions in your journal- use complete sentences so you can study it later:
A-What is the function of the lungs?
B- What is the function of the stomach?
C- What is the function of the liver?
D- What is the function of the small intestine?
E- What is the function of the large intestine?
F- What is the function of the brain?
G- What is the function of the kidneys?
H- What is the function of the bladder?
I- What is the function of the pancreas?
J- What is the function of the sensory organs?
A- What is the function (purpose) of bones?
B- Watch the video again and draw a quick sketch of a body. Label all the bones you learned about in the video.
C- What is the vertebrae?
D- When do your bones stop growing?
E- What can you do to have healthy bones?
F- What bone protects your head?
G- What bones protect your ribs?
You look into the night sky. You see far more stars than you could ever hope to count? Is this all the stars in the universe? Hardly! The stars you see are only a small portion of the total stars in the universe. In fact, the stars you can see are only the ones in our neighborhood (of the universe).
Our Sun is an average star. It is also the only star in our solar system. Earth and the rest of the planets in the solar system orbit the Sun. Asteroids and comets also orbit around the Sun. The solar system is our home just like you live in a house. Where you live, you may have many houses in your town or city. Think of the house like a solar system. Now think of the city you live in as if it were a galaxy containing many solar systems. The relationship of houses to cities and then stars to galaxies is similar. Galaxies, like cities, come in various sizes. Galaxies may have a few million to more than a trillion stars. There are countless galaxies in the universe. If stars were houses, these would be really large cities. But you get the idea.
Now let’s ask a question, can you see from one end of your city to the other? Probably not, unless you live in a very tiny town. The same is true for the galaxy we live in. With the unaided eye, every star you can see is part of our own galaxy. We call the galaxy we live in the Milky Way Galaxy. There are many more stars that we can not see, outside of our galaxy.
All the other galaxies in the universe are extremely far away. The closest galaxy to our own, the Andromeda Galaxy, is 2.5 million light-years away. So again, when you look into the night sky know that the universe is bigger than you can ever imagine. We live in a tiny corner of it within the Milky Way Galaxy. Our Sun is just one of millions of stars in our galaxy. We orbit the Sun on a very special planet called Earth
1. Describe what you see in the night sky and why. 2. Draw a quick sketch of your house, in your neighborhood, in your city. Then, draw a quick sketch beside that of your solar system, in your galaxy, in your universe. Where will you place the stars?
A. Explore the interactive media on Earth in Space and then answer the questions:
1. How many months does it take for the Earth to revolve around the Sun?
2. Describe and draw how the Earth moves around the Sun.
3. How many days does it take the moon to orbit the Earth?
4. How long does it take the Earth to rotate on its axis ONE time?
5. Click on the magnifying glass to find out more information about the Earth, Sun, and Moon. Write down a few facts.
6. What is the sun?
7. What is the moon?
8. What is Earth?
1. Watch The Universe
2. Watch A Day on Earth
A-What is a "universe"?
B- What is the name of our galaxy?
C- What is the definition of a planet?
D- What causes day and night?
E- What is the difference between Earth's rotation and Earth's revoluiton?
F- How long does it take Earth to revolve around the Sun once?
G- What is the Earth's axis?
H- Why are years on some planets longer than a year on another planet?
1. Properties of Matter- Solid Liquids Gas Review
2. Forms of Energy Review
3. Forces & Motion Review
4. Answer the questions below:
A- Write the scientific definitions of a solid, a liquid, and a gas.
B- Give examples of each type of matter listed above (solid, liquid, gas).
C- Draw a picture and give a discription of each type of energy in your notebook (chemical energy, mechanical energy, light energy, sound energy, electrical energy, heat energy)
D- Draw and define each type of force in your notebook (friction, magnetism, balanced force, unbalanced force, air resistance, gravity)
A. List the 3 weather tools and what they're used to measure.
B. List the 4 types of clouds.
C. Draw pictures of each type of cloud or use words to describe it.
D. Tell what type of weather each cloud is assosicated with.
1. Click through and read the slides on Clouds
2. Watch the Air Pressure Video
3. Watch the Air Masses video
A- What is humidity?
B- What are clouds made up of?
C- What causes precipitation?
D- What does a rain gauge do?
E- Draw and define each type of cloud: Cumulous, Stratus, Cirrus.
F- What 3 elements affect air pressure?
1. Watch The Water Cycle again.
2. Watch Weather & Climate
3. Answer the below questions in your online science journals:
A. What is condensation?
B. What is evaporation?
C. What is precipitation?
D. What is transpiration?
E. What's the difference between weather and climate? Define each.
G. List some elements of weather.
H. What is a climate zone?
I. What is a meteorologist?
J. Why is it cooler on mountains than in valleys?
1. Watch the Water Cycle video
2. Copy the picture of the water cycle from below in your notbeook.
3. Label all the stages of the water cycle (condensation, precipitation, transpiration, percolation/run off, evaporation, etc.)
4. Tell what each stage of the water cycle means.
1. Watch the Solids, Liquids, & Gases video
2. Watch The Carbon Cycle video
1. Answer the questions below in your Science Notebooks:
A. What state of matter are the molecules moving the slowest in?
B. What state of matter are the molecules moving the fastest in?
C. Draw a picture of solid, liquid, and gas molecules and label them.
D. What process causes a liquid to change to a gas?
E. What process causes a gas to change to a liquid?
F. What process causes a liquid to change to a solid?
G. What is the boiling point of water in degrees C and F?
H. Which state of matter has the fastest moving molecules?
A. Watch the video Magnetism and then take the QUIZ.
B. Scroll through the Magnetism Slide Show and then answer the questions below:
Answer these questions in your science journal:
1. Name a natural magnet found in the Earth.
2. Are all metals magnetic? Give some examples.
3. What types of poles are attracted to each other? Draw a picture.
4. What types of poles repel each other? Draw a picture.
5. What is magnetism?
6. Why won't your magnet stick to a pillow?
Watch the videos and answer the questions in your science online journal:
1. Forces & Motion
1. Give an example of a "force"
2. Your little brother tells you he has inertia, what does this mean?
3. What units do we measure force in?
4. Why don't skateboarders fly through the air when they skate up a ramp?
5. Give an example of friction.
6. What is a balanced force?
7. What is an unbalanced force?
A. Watch Heat Energy
B. Watch Electricity
C. Watch Closed Circuit Tutorial
D. Watch Conductors Tutorial
E. Answer the questions in your science journals:
1. What causes electricity?
2. What type of charge do electrons have?
3. What type of charge to protons have?
4. What two charges ATTRACT?
5. What two charges REPEL?
6. What is an example of natural electricity?
7. What is heat?
8. Explain what the difference between a conductor and an insulator is.
9. Why does water in a swimming pool stay cool on a sunny, hot day?
In your science journals. . .
1. Label each change a PHYSICAL or CHEMICAL Change:
e. milk going sour
f. gas forming
i. salt, sand, and iron mixture
2. Watch the Energy: Light & Sound Video. Answer the questions in your journal:
a. What happens to light when it hits a shiny or smooth surface?
b. Why does light travel in a straight line?
c. What is refraction?
d. When you look into a mirror, is the light reflected or refracted?
e. What is light absorption?
1. Click and do the Nature of Science Game
2. Finish any of the online assignments that you have not yet finished- in your Science Journal.
3. If you are completely done with everything, you may click on the Science Websites tab and explore something of your interest.
A. When does a physical change occur?
B. Was our lab this week (salt, sand, iron filings) a physical or chemical change? How do you know?
C. What type of change can be reversed or undone?
D. What are some clues that a chemical change has happened?
E. If a substance changes color, what likely occurred- chemical or physical change?
F. Stepping on a bag of potato chips is what type of change?
G. What is the difference between a physical and chemical change?
In your science journal/notebook paper, write today's date.
1. Click and watch "Mixtures". Now watch the video again and answer the below questions:
A. What is a mixture?
B. A mixture is physically combined, what does physically combined mean?
C. In the snack mixture from the video, what were the "parts" that were mixed together?
D. What is a solution? Give an example.
E. What does the sugar get dissolved in when making lemonade?
F. Give some examples of mixtures that you made any time this week.
A. What is a solid?
B. What is a liquid?
C. What is a gas?
D. What state of matter are molecules moving the fastest?
E. What process causes a solid to change to a liquid (like ice to water)?
F. What is matter?
G. What units do we use to measure matter?
H. According to the video, how do you measure the volume of an irregularly shaped object?
I. What is mass?
J. What is volume?
In your science journals, write today's date (9-19-16).
1. Click here: "How we DO science" online tutorial.
2. Watch: "Scientific Methods" online video. In your journals, write 3 details that you learned from this video.
3. Watch: "Investigations" online video. In your journals, write what you learned about investigations (3 sentences).
4. Write about or draw the difference between doing a science experiment verses making a science model.