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The availability of mathematics could be realized since ancient times in the form of counting. It is a very simple form of mathematics where ancient people use their thumb or some figures to count any item or things. It was the most basic form of mathematics that lay down emphasize on its availability since humanity exists. Since starting the mathematics, have become the basis of scientific inventions, calculations, new development and advancements, systematic study of shapes and objects. The huge revolution that has been faced in the history of mathematics is related to the invention of zero. It was something that had changed the dimensions of this subject. After zero, it becomes possible to focus on wide scope of mathematics and its spectrum also increases at very large scale. The role of Indian mathematicians like Aryabhata, Pinangla and Brahmgupta was immense within the invention of Zero.
They provide huge level of contribution towards the use of Zero in their theorems. During their work, these philosophers and mathematicians provide the use of zero in the decimal value system. However, the role of Greek mathematicians is immense in the history of mathematics. They provided the mathematics rules that become the subject of the entire subject. It is to acknowledge that at the time of Alexander the great the period was called as Hellenistic mathematics. It is clear that Greek mathematicians used all the logics to propound specific set of rules in the history of mathematics. Babylonian mathematics is also very crucial with the perspective of understanding the history of mathematics. Mesopotamian people gave their huge contribution into the Islamic mathematics.
The early civilization of Mesopotamian people provides the evidence about metrology system that is termed as highly complex in nature. Further, the multiplication calculations along with geometrical and divisional problems were also grew in the era of 2500 BC to 3000 BC. Some clay tablets have been recovered which provided the evidence about using the algebra, quadratic and cubic equations. The numeral system for Babylonian was based on sexagesimal numerical system that is generally based on 60. Thus, it is clear that current time system like 60 seconds in one minute, 60 minutes in one hour, etc. is based upon the Babylonian mathematics. The Babylonian mathematician’s principles were also similar to Romans and Greeks mathematicians. They just used the same place value system in decimal value.
However, there were certain controversies into the principles and concepts given by the Babylonian mathematicians that are still required to be proved.
Ahead the Egyptian work is also equally useful with the perspective of the history of mathematics. The major work of Egyptian mathematicians is the Rhind papyrus and Moscow Papyrus. The Rhind papyrus is the work related to the formulas and methods related to division and unit fractions. Further, the multiplications and rules related to composite and prime numbers also come into the category of Rhind Papyrus. The solutions of linear series as well as the arithmetic and geometric solutions is also a part of Egypt mathematician works. In China also the role of mathematics was immense with respect to the deliver lots of contribution into such subject. There are proofs that in China the value of pie was known to the seven places to the decimal that was highly more than the west mathematicians.
The pattern to solve the linear equations in China was also advanced as compare to western countries. The Gaussian reduction is something that has a high level of relevancy into the mathematics history of China. Further, the role of India is also immense within the development of mathematics. But Indians use the calculations in astronomy just to predict the stars consequences. Thus, it is clear that the calculation is very old in the Indian number system.
The zero has been propounded by the Indian mathematician and most importantly it was passed on to the western countries through Islamic mathematician. Thus, it is clear that the basis of modern mathematics has been put by the Indian mathematician. The Maya civilization is something that has huge level of relevancy with the development of Zero into the numerical value system. They number base was twenty and most significant contribution is related to providing the calendar dates.
Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Apollonius, Archemedes, etc. these are certain mathematicians who have provided their significant contribution into the field of math over the different period of time. In different centuries, these mathematicians show their relevance to the math and its related concepts. The Pythagoras theorem is something that has changed the dimensions completely. However Greek claim to be the inventory of this principle but evidence were clear that Mesopotamian and Babylonian have also contributed in Pythagoras theorem far earlier than the Greek mathematicians.
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