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Ages and Stages

As your Early Head Start teacher I wanted to provide some information on the ages and stages of children from birth to three.  This information was taken from the childhood development institute, I provided a link.

http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/normaldevelopment.shtml

Normal Stages of Human Development (Birth to 3 Years)

This page presents an overview of child development from birth to five years of age. It is important to keep in mind that the time frames presented are averages and some children may achieve various developmental milestones earlier or later than the average but still be within the normal range. This information is presented to help parents understand what to expect from their child. Any questions you may have about your child's development should be shared with his or her doctor.

                     Physical and Language

                   Emotional

         Social

Birth
to
1 month

Feedings: 5-8 per day

Sleep: 20 hrs per day

Sensory Capacities: makes basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touch, temperature, and perception of pain

Generalized Tension

Helpless
Asocial
Fed by mother

2 months
to
3 months

Sensory Capacities: color perception, visual exploration, oral exploration.

Sounds: cries, coos, grunts

Motor Ability: control of eye muscles, lifts head when on stomach. Delight

Distress

Smiles at a Face Visually fixates at a face, smiles at a face, may be soothed by rocking.

4 months
to
6 months
Sensory Capacities: localizes sounds

Sounds: babbling, makes most vowels and about half of the consonants

Feedings: 3-5 per day
Motor Ability: control of head and arm movements, purposive grasping, rolls over.
Enjoys being cuddled Recognizes his mother. Distinguishes between familiar persons and strangers, no longer smiles indiscriminately.

Expects feeding, dressing, and bathing.
7 months
to
9 months
Motor Ability: control of trunk and hands, sits without support, crawls about. Specific emotional attachment to mother.Protests separation from mother. Enjoys "peek-a-boo"
10 months
to
12 months
Motor Ability: control of legs and feet, stands, creeps, apposition of thumb and fore-finger.

Language: says one or two words, imitates sounds, responds to simple commands.

Feedings: 3 meals, 2 snacks

Sleep: 12 hours, 2 naps Anger
Affection

Fear of strangers

Curiosity, exploration
Responsive to own name.

Wave bye-bye.

Plays pat-a-cake, understands "no-no!"

Gives and takes objects.
1 years
to
1 ½ years
Motor Ability: creeps up stairs, walks (10-20 min), makes lines on paper with crayon. Dependent Behavior

Very upset when separated
from mother

Fear of Bath
Obeys limited commands.

Repeats a few words.

Interested in his mirror image.

Feeds himself.
1 ½ years
to
2 years
Motor Ability: runs, kicks a ball, builds 6 cube tower (2yrs) Capable of bowel and bladder control.

Language: vocabulary of more than 200 words

Sleep: 12 hours at night, 1-2 hr nap
Temper tantrums
(1-3yrs)
Resentment of new baby Does opposite of what he is told (18 months).
2 years
to
3 years
Motor Ability: jumps off a step, rides a tricycle, uses crayons, builds a 9-10 cube tower.

Language: starts to use short sentences controls and explores world with language, stuttering may appear briefly. Fear of separation




Negativistic (2 ½ yrs)

Violent emotions, anger

Differentiates facial expressions of anger, sorrow, and joy.

Sense of humor (Plays tricks)

Talks, uses "I" "me" "you"

Copies parents' actions.

Dependent, clinging, possessive about toys, enjoys playing alongside another child.

Negativism (2 ½ yrs).

Resists parental demands.

Gives orders.

Rigid insistence on sameness of routine. Inability to make decisions.

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