Minimally invasive cardiac surgery can now be performed through a small incision (thoracotomy) on the side of the chest between the ribs, without cracking the breastbone, thanks to technological advancements.
To get access to the heart for maximum exposure, cardiac surgery is traditionally performed through a cut in the center of the breastbone. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) can now be performed through a small incision (thoracotomy) on the side of the chest between the ribs, without fracturing the breastbone, thanks to technological advancements.
Also see: Cardiologist Surgeon in Chandigarh
Who is a good candidate for MICS?
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery may or may not be the best therapy option for every patient. MICS is not appropriate for patients with serious medical conditions such as lung illness or peripheral vascular disease, aberrant rib cage anatomy (severe kyphosis or pectus chest), or those who require further cardiac operations. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is also seldom used in complicated cases requiring numerous procedures, such as a combined valve and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure. Patients with an active lifestyle, such as those who participate in sports, or those who are likely to experience delayed chest bone healing if bone splitting is performed, will benefit more from MICS.
MICS is used to perform selective procedures.
A minimally invasive method can now be used to perform some coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and valvular surgical procedures. On left anterior descending artery stenosis, a single graft bypass is most usually performed – minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass.