Open-heart surgery, in which the surgeon makes a huge incision in the chest, was formerly the standard for cardiac treatments. However, as technology has advanced, physicians have created a technique known as minimally invasive cardiac surgery. The surgeon makes one or more small incisions between the patient’s ribs during minimally invasive cardiac surgery so that he or she may see and reach the internal areas of the patient and treat it conveniently.
Most minimally invasive cardiac procedures involve a sternotomy, which involves breaking the entire breastbone, and minimally invasive cardiac surgery includes a variety of procedures carried out through incisions that are much thinner and less traumatic than a typical sternotomy. When compared to 8 to 10 sternotomy incisions, minimally invasive incisions measure roughly 3 to 4 inches. Specialized devices are employed to accomplish the operations.
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
The majority of cardiac procedures are now done by a sternotomy, which entails cutting the breastbone in half. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery includes a number of procedures that are carried out through incisions that are much smaller and less stressful than sternotomies. In minimally invasive surgery, incisions are 3 to 4 inches long, compared to 8 to 10 inches for sternotomies. Specialized handheld equipment are utilised to perform the operations through these small incisions.
Minimally-Invasive Aortic Valve Replacement
The minimally invasive aortic valve replacement operation entails opening the aorta and removing the damaged aortic valve leaflets, as well as carefully removing the calcifications around the valve, and measuring the resulting valve ring or annulus to determine the size of the valve prosthetic. Sutures are next inserted around the valve annulus and finally through the prosthetic valve in large numbers.
Minimally-Invasive Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement
The mitral valve is a two-leaflet one-way valve that regulates blood flow through the left side of the heart. When the mitral valve is open, oxygenated blood from the lungs can flow into the left ventricle, the heart’s main pumping chamber. The mitral valve generally closes when the left ventricle squeezes to transport blood throughout the body, preventing blood from flowing back toward the lungs. Mitral valve replacement is an option if the mitral valve cannot be repaired properly.