The introduction of minimally invasive procedures has greatly enhanced the surgical approach to aortic valve disease. Patients who are elderly or frail should expect a quick and painless recovery and can return to their families and homes two to three days after surgery.
The heart will battle against the resistance produced by a closed and stiff valve if it does not open properly, limiting the heart’s capacity to empty out when it contracts. Aortic Valve Stenosis is the medical term for this condition.
Unfortunately, most cardiac surgeons do not have the time, desire, or opportunity to learn these new minimally invasive techniques and continue to use the old-fashioned breast bone splitting technique (median sternotomy). They also use blood transfusions in the majority of their surgical patients. Lengthy wound healing, more wound infections, more postoperative discomfort and bleeding, a slow recovery from surgery, and a poor cosmetic result with a 12″ to 14″ midline scar from the base of the neck to the bottom of the breast bone are all downsides of this method.
There is no chopping of bones at all. The incision creates a small gap between two ribs and heals quickly. Infections are almost unheard of in this type of wound.
There is no discomfort. This incision is made painless by injecting small quantities of local anaesthetic between the ribs. After undergoing minimally invasive cardiac surgery, our patients wake up pain-free.
There was very little bleeding. This method avoids the bleeding that bone cutting and wider incisions produce in traditional surgery. After minimally invasive cardiac surgery, only a small percentage of patients require blood transfusions.