ESL Glossary


ESL Glossary


English language learners (ELLs):

 linguistically and culturally diverse students who have been identified (by a WIDA screener             and other placement criteria) as having levels of English language proficiency that require language support to achieve grade-level content in English.



the first language a student acquires; usually refers to a home language(s) other than English, although for some English language learners, L2 (English) may be developing simultaneously alongside L1



the second language a student acquires; usually refers to English as an additional language 


Language proficiency:

a person’s competence in processing (through listening and reading) and producing (through speaking and writing) language 


Levels of language proficiency:

the division of the second language acquisition continuum into stages descriptive of the process of language development; the WIDA ELD Standards have six levels of language pro ciency: 1–Entering, 2–Emerging, 3–Developing, 4–Expanding, 5–Bridging, and 6–Reaching 


Productive language:

communicating meaning through the language domains of speaking and writing 


Receptive language:

the processing of language through listening and reading 


Social language:

the everyday registers used in interactions outside and inside school