Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly.
According to research, fluency is important because is provides a transition between word recognition and comprehension. Fluent readers do not have to concentrate on decoding words, so they can focus on comprehending the content of the text.
Strategies for boosting fluency:
-Track while reading - Decoding is easier when students don’t lose their place as they read. This is also helpful for readers with ADHD because it involves a kinaesthetic element.This can be done with the finger, a ruler, a piece of paper, etc.
-Repeated reading - When you’re trying to improve fluency, it helps to see the same text multiple times. Each reading becomes easier and motivation goes up as students experience enhanced fluency thanks to repeat exposure to words and phrases.
-Sight word drills - Some words are more common than others. Students who have a hard time with fluency will find it is easier to read when they are familiar with most of the vocabulary in a text.
-Make use of a variety of books and materials. Use literacy that is of interest to your child. Sometimes all it takes is getting readers excited about a topic. Try chapter books, comics and poems. Use texts of different lengths - start with shorter texts and gradually work up to longer pieces.
-Create a stress free environment. Foster a stress free, relaxing environment when students are reading.
How can you help at home?
Fluency-building book links : https://www.scholastic.com/parents/books-and-reading/raise-a-reader-blog/reading-fluency-strategies.html
Dolch Sight Words: https://sightwords.com/sight-words/dolch/
Additional information: https://www.verywellfamily.com/ways-to-improve-reading-fluency-621073
Fluent reading video: https://www.pbs.org/video/reading-rockets-fluent-reading/