Science Lesson Plan Example

This lesson was formed and presented in Teaching Elementary Science.

Grade/Subject: 3rd Grade/ Science_____ Time Frame: 45 – 60 minutes__________

Lesson Title: Plant Growth_____________________________________________


Science SCoS Objectives:

Competency Goal 1: The learner will conduct investigations and build an understanding of plant growth and adaptations.

1.01 Observe and measure how the quantities and qualities of nutrients, light, and water in the environment affect plant growth.

1.02 Observe and describe how environmental conditions determine how well plants survive and grow in a particular environment.

1.03 Investigate and describe how plants pass through distinct stages in their life cycle including.

1.06 Observe, describe and record properties of germinating seeds.


Other SCoS Objectives: Math & Language Arts


COMPETENCY GOAL 2: The learner will recognize and use standard units of metric and customary measurement.

            2.01 Solve problems using measurement concepts and procedures.

            2.02 Estimate and measure using appropriate units.


Language Arts-

Competency Goal 2: The learner will apply strategies and skills to comprehend text that is read, heard, and viewed.

            2.01 Use metacognitive strategies to comprehend text (e.g., reread, read ahead, ask for help, adjust reading speed, question, paraphrase, retell).

2.02 Interact with the text before, during, and after reading, listening, or viewing by: making predictions, asking questions and making corrections.



            Students will be able to learn about lima bean plant growth in the classroom through examining their plant every other day, and nurturing. The students will keep a record of the growth their plant has received, the temperature in the classroom and the estimated amount of light their plant has retracted. The class plants will be split half on one side of the class with more light while half is in a more shady area. Students will see the effect of light pertaining to the growth of plants. The students will keep a short journal every other day describing their plants activity and drawing a visual demonstration of the growth of their plant.  


1.      Journals

2.      Pencil

3.      Seeds

4.      1 mini paper cup per a student

5.      Soil

6.      Rulers

7.      Clear wrap

8.      1 tongue compressor per a student



            Day 1: On the board draw a picture of one of the stages of growth of a lima bean. Do not put the name of the drawing on the board. Ask the students “What is this?” Right down their guesses on the board. Tell them that we are all going to find out together. Open your textbook to their pages on plant growth. While the students are turning pages, you will most likely hear a student yell a plant. Read sections of the chapter pointing out vocabulary words (page included) Anticipation will grow, and tell them that everyone is going to grow their own plant. Hand out the materials to the students to grow a plant.

                        Step 1: Pour soil into a cup ¾ full

                        Step 2: Dig the lima bean seed into the soil

                        Step 3: Pour a little bit of water into the cup

                        Step 4: Create a ruler from a tongue compressor and put somewhere safe.

                        Step 5: Place clear wrap over the cup

Step 6: Place half the cups in a well-lighted area, and half in a more shaded area.

Remind the students that every other day we will be keeping a journal of our plant growth, by watering, measuring the plant, light, and temperature. The idea of this project is to show you how plant grows and how much plants rely on light as a food.

Day 2-?: As time passes, keep a journal with the class. Introducing the stages of a lima bean: stages are, germinate, plants grow, buds grow, lima bean pods grow then bloom.

As class progress, some students will see that their plant in the shade is not growing as quickly as the plant in the sun. Switch the plants over to the sunny side of the classroom, so their plant does not die however make sure the student understand how important light is to plants. When the students see change in their plant have them draw a sketch in their journal. Also, make sure the students measure their growth and document the growth in a journal. They will need later in their assessments.


Text Box: September 9, 2009  Day 5    My plant named Henry is ¼ of an inch tall. I see only a little bit on green. The classroom temperature is 75 and he has had a lot of light.


* example of journal



            Learning about plants is a visual and verbal procedure. The classroom should accommodate your students with any disability. Pictures should be posted on the board and around the room. When watching a movie, having subtitles on the video, and having the volume high enough should allow the hearing disabled learn properly. Have a note taking system for your students during the video or while reading the text, having a question answer time span. Lastly, as the teacher you should constantly be reviewing the information for the class so they stay attentive and interested.



            Taking the plant home and watching its growth. 



1.      *Create a creative story about your plant. The story should included five of the vocabulary words that associate with plant growth, drawing of the plant growth, how many days it took the plant to grow, and how tall the plant grew every day.

2.      *Create a poster of information on the growth of a lima bean. The poster should included photos, five vocabulary words, graph/charts of growth of the lima bean.

3.      *Write an essay about the growth of a lima bean. The essay should included all vocabulary words, detailed information on the stages of growth, how the sun affected the growth of the plant, and the amount of time it took to grow a plant. The essay should be at least two paragraphs.

4.      Turn in journal with a selected project to the teacher. Assess their work using the rubric below.

*A student needs to choose only one project


Vocabulary Words

Lima Bean Plant Growth



life cycle