Scientific Thinking

Nature of Science

What you need to know:  BenchmarkChecklist
 The student knows that scientific knowledge is subject to modification as new information challenges prevailing theories and as a new theory leads to looking at old observations in a new way.   SC.H.1.3.1AA
 The student knows that the study of the events that led scientists to discoveries can provide information about the inquiry process and its effects.  SC.H.1.3.2 
 The student knows that science disciplines differ from one another in topic, techniques, and outcomes, but that they share a common purpose, philosophy, and enterprise.  SC.H.1.3.3 
 The student knows that accurate record keeping, openness, and replication are essential to maintaining an investigator’s credibility with other scientists and society.  SC.H.1.3.4 AA 
 The student knows that a change in one or more variables may alter the outcome of an investigation.  SC.H.1.3.5 AA 
 The student knows that when similar investigations give different results, the scientific challenge is to verify whether the differences are significant by further study.  SC.H.1.3.7 
 The student recognizes that patterns exist within and across systems.  SC.H.2.3.1 
 The student knows that science ethics demand that scientists must not knowingly subject coworkers, students, the neighborhood, or the community to health or property risks.  SC.H.3.3.1 
 The student knows that special care must be taken in using animals in scientific research.   SC.H.3.3.2 
 The student knows that in research involving human subjects, the ethics of science require that potential subjects be fully informed about the risks and benefits associated with the research and of their right to refuse to participate. SC.H.3.3.3  
 The student knows that technological design should require taking into account constraints such as natural laws, the properties of the materials used, and economic, political, social, ethical, and aesthetic values.  SC.H.3.3.4 
 The student understands that contributions to the advancement of science, mathematics, and technology have been made by different kinds of people, in different cultures, at different times, and are an intrinsic part of the development of human culture.  SC.H.3.3.5 
  The student knows that no matter who does science and mathematics or invents things, or when or where they do it, the knowledge and technology that result can eventually become available to everyone.  SC.H.3.3.6 
 The student knows that computers speed up and extend people’s ability to collect, sort, and analyze data; prepare research reports; and share data and ideas with others.  SC.H.3.3.7 

 Bold = Questions on these topics are asked EVERY year!