Slave or Free?

Slave StatesYearFree StatesYear
Delaware1787New Jersey
(Slave until 1804)
1787
Georgia1788Pennsylvania1787
Maryland1788Connecticut1788
South Carolina1788Massachusetts1788
Virginia1788New Hampshire1788
North Carolina1789New York
(Slave until 1799)
1788
Kentucky1792Rhode Island1790
Tennessee1796Vermont1791
Louisiana1812Ohio1803

Charts show pre-Civil War status. 


Slave StatesYearFree StatesYear
Mississippi1817Indiana1816
Alabama1819Illinois1818
Missouri1821Maine1820
Arkansas1836Michigan1837
Florida1845Iowa1846
Texas1845Wisconsin1848
  California
(One pro-slavery Senator)
1850
Kansas
(blocked)
 Minnesota1858
  Oregon1859
  Kansas1861