Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Unit 3 Civil Liberties and Civil rights

Essential Questions

  • To what extent do the U.S. Constitution and its Amendments protect against undue government infringement on essential liberties and from discrimination?
  • How have U.S. Supreme Court rulings defined civil liberties and civil rights?

Key Terms

  • Bill of Rights, Civil liberties, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, Symbolic Speech, Limits on Speech = Time, Manner, and Place Regulations, Defamatory, Offensive and Obscene Gestures, Clea and Present Danger, Prior Restraint, Second Amendment, Fourth Amendment, Eighth Amendment, Selective Incorporation, Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Miranda Rule, Miranda v. Arizona (1966), Public Safety Exception, Right to Legal Counsel, Right to Speedy and Public Trial, Right to Impartial Jury, Protection Against Warrantless Searches, Exclusionary Rule, Ninth Amendment, Civil Rights, National Organization for Women (NOW), Pro-Life Movement, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972, Voting Rights Act of 1965, Public Accomodation Laws, Majority-Minority Districts, Affirmative Action

Foudational Documents

  • Constitution of the United States, Letter From Birmingham Jail

Required Cases

  • Engel v. Vitale (1962), Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972), Tinker v. Des Moines (1969), Shenck v. U.S. (1919), New York Times v. United States (1971), McDonald v. U.S. (2010), Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), Roe v. Wade (1973), Brown v. Board of Education (1954)  

Topics

  • The Bill of Rights
    • Key Terms: Bill of Rights, Civil Liberties
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
  • First Amendment - Freedom of Religion
    • Key Terms: Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause 
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: Engel v. Vitale (1962), Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
  • First Amendment - Freedom of Speech
    • Key Terms: Symbolic Speech, Limits on Speech = Time, Manner, and Place Regulations, Defamatory, Offensive and Obscene Gestures, Clea and Present Danger
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: Tinker v. Des Moines (1969), Shenck v. U.S. (1919)
  • First Amendment - Freedom of Press
    • Key Terms: Prior Restraint
    • Foudational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: New York Times v. United States (1971)
  • Second Amendment - Right to Bear Arms
    • Key Terms: Second Amendment
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
  • Amendments - Balancing Individual Freedom with Public Order and Safety
    • Key Terms: Second Amendment, Fourth Amendment, Eighth Amendment
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
  • Selective Incorporation
    • Key Terms: Selective Incorporation, Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
  • Amendments - Due Process and the Rights of the Accused
    • Key Terms: Selective Incorporation, Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Miranda Rule, Miranda v. Arizona (1966), Public Safety Exception, Right to Legal Counsel, Right to Speedy and Public Trial, Right to Impartial Jury, Protection Against Warrantless Searches, Exclusionary Rule  
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
  • Amendments - Due Process and the Right to Privacy
    • Key Terms: Ninth Amendment, Due Process Claus eof the Fourteenth Amendment
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States
    • Required Cases: Roe v. Wade (1973)
  • Social Movements and Equal Protection
    • Key Terms:Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Civil Rights, National Organization for Women (NOW), Pro-Life Movement
    • Foundational Documents: Constitution of the United States, Letter From Birmingham Jail                                                                                                                                  
  • Government Responses to Social Movements
    • Key Terms: Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972, Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • Required Cases: Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Balancing Majority and Minority Rights
    • Key Terms: Public Accomodation Laws, Majority-Minority Districts
    • Required Cases: Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Affirmative Action
    • Key Terms: Affirmative Action

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