Summary of the Child's Language Environment and Learning Strategies
The Child's Language Environment
- There is NO DIRECT PRESSURE to learn (no tests, no grades, etc.).
- There is NO TIME LIMIT for learning (no end of the semester).
- There is NO WAY OF ESCAPING into a different language (no vacations).
- The language is NOT SEQUENCED BY GRAMMAR OR VOCABULARY (no textbook).
- There is LOTS OF REPETITION. His life contains repetitions and the language around him reflects it.
- Both the LANGUAGE AND THE WORLD ARE NEW (and therefore interesting).
- All the language is spoken IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SURROUNDING WORLD.
- THE LANGUAGE IS ALL AROUND. The child has native speakers of the language speaking to him often.
- The child has MANY OPPORTUNITIES FOR USING the language to communicate to those around him.
- Much of THE LANGUAGE IS SIMPLIFIED to the level of understanding of the child. It is tailor-made for the child.
The Child's Learning Strategies
- The child in NOT INTERESTED IN LANGUAGE for its own sake.
- The child is NOT DISTURBED by the language he does not understand.
- The child ENJOYS THE REPETITIVE events of his life, and uses this enjoyment to help him learn.
- The child USES HIS PRIMARY INTERESTS to help him learn.
- The child directs his attention to things that are EASY TO UNDERSTAND.
- The child possesses a natural desire TO CALL AN OBJECT BY ITS NAME.
- The child uses his natural desire TO PARTICIPATE IN THE LIFE AROUND HIM to help him learn new language.
- The child adds words to his speaking vocabulary more easily IF HE ALREADY KNOWS HOW TO PRONOUNCE THEM.
- The child IMMEDIATELY USES the language, and his SUCCESS IN COMMUNICATION BUILDS CONFIDENCE.
- The child brings TREMENDOUS INGENUITY to the task of learning.