Here are a few important art terms that are good for children in elementary school to begin to become familiar with. Although there are several terms that are good to know, these are the very basics.
1.) Line- A line is an identifiable path moving in space. It can vary in width, length, and distance
2.) Color- When light is reflected off of an object, color is what the eye sees. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue. The secondary colors are orange, purple, and green.3.) Value- Shadows, darkness, contrasts, and light are all value of art work.
4.) Shade- Using a mixture of black mixed with color to make it darker. The opposite of shade is tint.
5.) Horizon Line- Where the sky and the meet
6.) Symmetry- When one side of something is identical to the other side
7.) Asymmetry- Opposite of symmetrical, no sides are identical
8.) Perspective- Creates the feeling of depth through the use of lines that make your image appear to be three- dimensional. The closer the image is, the more detailed it will appear, and the larger it will be.
9.) Horizontal Lines - Lines that run parallel such as ====
10.) Vertical Lines- Lines that run up and down such as ||||||||
11.) Hue- Another name for color
12.) Tint- Adding white to a color
13.) Tone- Adding gray to a color
Value Scale Symmetry
A color wheel is an organization of color hues around a circle to show relationships between colors
Primary Colors- Red, yellow, and blue. These colors cannot be mixed from any of the other colors.
Secondary Colors- Two primary colors mixed together resulting in orange, green, and violet.
Tertiary Colors- One primary and one secondary color mixed together
Warm Colors- Reds, oranges, yellows
Cool Colors (receding colors)- Greens, blues, and violets
Mono-chromatic- Using any shade, tint, or tone of one color
Analogous- Using any shades, tints, or tones of colors that lie adjacent to each other on the wheel
Complementary Colors- Combining a shade, tint ot tone of one color and the color opposite on the wheel. Example: Green and Red
Split Complementary- Choosing one color and using the color on each side of its complement on the color wheel
Diad- Using two colors that are two colors apart on the color wheel
Triad- Color scheme in which three colors equally spaced from eachother
Tetrad- A contrast of four or more colors on the wheel
(a few definitions were provided by http://www.artincanada.com/arttalk/arttermsanddefinitions.html )