8th Grade American History

The Expansion of American Industry 1850-1900

Section Objectives

Teaching Focus

Activities / Skills

A Technology Revolution

1. Learn how daily lives changed in the decades following the Civil War.

2. Find out how the advancement of electric power and communication affected people and businesses in this era.

3. Discover the effects the development of railroads had on the industrial growth.

4. Think about the impact on the Bessemer process on American culture.

Changes in Daily Life

New Forms of Energy

Advances in Communication


The Bessmer Process

Time Zone Map

Bell Ringer pg.456

Target Reading Skill pg.456

Key Terms pg.456

Section Assessment pg.465

The Growth of Big Business

1. Read and find out why American industrialists of the late 1800s were called both “robber barons” and “captains of industry.”

2. Discover how social Darwinism affected Americans’ views on big business.

3. Analyze the ways in which big businesses differed from smaller businesses.

4. Learn how industrialists gained a competitive edge over their rivals.

Captains of Industry

Social Darwinism

Large Scale Business

Gaining a Competitive Edge

Key Terms pg.467

Bell Ringer pg. 467

Target Reading Skill pg.467

Section Assessment pg.472

Industrialization and Workers

1. Find out factors that led to a growing American work force between 1860 and 1900.

2. Learn what factory worked turn of the century was like.

3. Discover why it was sometimes necessary for entire families to work.

The Growing Work Force

Factory Work

Working Families

Key Terms pg. 473

Bell Ringer pg. 473

Target Reading Skill pg.473

Section Assessment pg.476

The Great Strikes

1. Discover the impact of industrialism on the gulf between the rich and the poor.

2. Find out the goals of the early labor unions in the U.S.

3. Learn why the American Railway Union was formed.

4. Study the causes and outcomes of the major strikes in the late 1800s.

Gulf between Rich and Poor

The Rise of Labor Unions

Rise of Railroad Organize

Strikes Rock the Nation

Key Terms pg. 477

Bell Ringer pg. 477

Target Reading Skill pg.477

Section Assessment pg.483

Review and Assessment

pg. 484-485