# Class Content

"In teaching others we teach ourselves"  - Proverb

The ultimate goal of the 6th grade reading curriculum is for students to read increasingly complex texts over the course of the year, preparing them for high school, college, and careers beyond. Students read a variety of texts and different genres, including fiction, drama, poetry, and non-fiction. There is a specific emphasis on and increase in the reading of non-fiction texts in order to prepare students to read, write, and research across subjects. As students read more complex texts, analyzing and understanding them in deeper ways, they strengthen their knowledge of all subjects, including science and history.

• Uses evidence from the text in order to summarize the plot, make inferences about and analyze the text, and determine the central theme or themes in a text.
• Understands and explains the point of view in a text; understands the significance of certain words and passages in a text.
• Understands and relays the main thesis or claims of a non-fiction text and its supporting evidence.
• Reads and compares different texts and genres that address the same topics.
• Uses a variety of media and formats, including video and audio, to further enhance understanding of a topic or text.
• Participates in class-wide and group discussions expressing the ideas and skills learned.
• Practices a variety of vocabulary skills, including using the context in which a word is found to determine the meaning of words, recognizing roots of words, and using digital and physical reference materials (dictionaries, thesauruses, and glossaries).
• Gains an understanding of and the ability to explain figurative language in a text.

Math in 6th grade focuses on the following areas: ratios and solving equations using ratios; division of fractions; statistical thinking; and working with negative and rational numbers. Students will deepen their understanding of mathematical concepts and explain how they solve equations through writing and discussions.

• Divides fractions by fractions.
• Solves equations using ratios, rates, or percentages.
• Solves equations with negative numbers.
• Multiplies and divides multi-digit numbers.
• Finds common factors and multiples.
• Understands and talks about ratios using mathematical language. For example, the ratio of girls to boys in the class is 2:3.
• Solves algebraic equations with one variable and explains how these equations were solved.
• Solves geometry problems related to surface area, area, and volume as applied to real-world situations.
• Develops skills in statistical analysis and applies statistical concepts, including mean, median, variability, and range.
• Analyzes mathematical data, thinking about how data was collected and looking at patterns, including clusters, peaks, gaps, and symmetry.
• Explains the process used and the thinking behind how problems and equations are solved.

### Sixth Grade Social Science/ History Overview:

The sixth-grade social studies curriculum contains numerous lessons, as well as worksheets and quizzes, organized into different chapters:

1. Settling the Western U.S. – Students will learn about the history of the United States during the settlement of the American West including information about the Plains Indians, Settler and Native American Wars, life on the plains, and farming in the late 1800’s.
2. Industrial Revolution – Teaches about the growth of industry in America. Students will be able to explain why railroads grew after the Civil War, how steel became a big industry, how inventions during this time revolutionized the nation, how factory work changed in the 1880’s, and why there were issues between the workers and owners of factories.
3. Immigration to America – Students will explore the influx of immigrants in America after 1870 including the reasons they immigrated, the various populations, attempts at urban development, and the changes that took place in cities.
4. United States 1877-1914 – The changes that were brought about by political, social, and economic effects in the U.S. are discussed. Students are expected to describe the fight for women’s rights, how Theodore Roosevelt became president, Roosevelt’s reforms, Woodrow Wilson’s policies, the fight for equality and against discrimination, and the problems faced by African, Asian, Mexican, and Native Americans.
5. The U.S. as a World Power – Students will learn about the circumstances that helped the U.S. become a world leader including overseas expansion, the Spanish-American War, the Panama Canal, and the Invasion of Mexico.
6. Investigate Your State – Students will examine people, events, and ideas of particular importance to the development of their state. Lessons include research-based activities to determine which Native American artifacts and homes have been used in your state. Students will also identify their state’s major officeholders and develop a chart depicting the branches of their local government.
7. Characteristics of Your State – Students will examine the natural resources, industries, and landmarks present in his or her state. Students are required to develop a creative travel brochure depicting the information gathered.
8. Maps/Globes/Geographic Tools – Teaches students about the advantages and disadvantages of using maps and globes. Students will also learn about the methods used for finding particular locations on the globe and the various weather patterns in relation to ecosystems.
9. Political Science – Students learn about political science through a look at the political makeup of our country. Lessons include a look at the Constitution, the ways to become a citizen, a citizen’s rights, responsibilities, and privileges, American principles and values, the importance of guaranteeing human rights, private life, and civic life.
10. U.S. Political System – The U.S. political system is viewed through a historical context. Lessons include a look at political parties and what they are, how a presidential candidate is selected, and how the presidential election flows from nomination to the general election.
11. Economic System – Describes the various influences on the economic systems found in the Eastern world. Students should be able to explain how physical geography, specialization, and trade influence the way people earn money; international trade requires a system for exchanging money between nations; the economic factors such as scarcity choice, opportunity, cost, money, goods, and services, price, and supply and demand affect global trade; how each system determines what will be produced, for whom, and how; and the Gross Domestic Product in the Eastern world and the United States.

https://www.edsurge.com/news/2017-01-01-social-studies-should-teach-students-for-tomorrow-not-the-past

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