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Theoretical Framework


            The theory that best goes with this type of challenge and behavior is behaviorism. Behaviorism has a focus area on "Conditioning through stimulus and Response" (Berger, 2015, p. 62) Students often act out because of reasons that are far beyond them wanting to be noticed. Teachers must respond to this by looking into the students lifestyle. The teacher can pull the student aside after class to talk with them, that way the teacher can try and find out what is going on. Doing this, is using the response portion of the area of focus for behaviorism.

            The core ideas of this theory are, "Parents are expert teachers, although other caregivers help. Frequent repetition is instructive, especially when linked to daily life. Well-taught infants become well-spoken children. (Berger, 2015, p.194). Using these ideas, one can see that the behavior of the student that acts out can be helped with repetition and the student's caregiver(s). By having the parents/caregivers help the teacher, they can come up with a plan together that will allow the student to succeed in the classroom and at home.

            "Parents and teachers should be on the same team, but sadly, often they’re not." (Lehman, 2017, para. 17) Many teachers that face this issue with their students often have no help from the student's parents. The teachers often say that if the parents were to take their side, that the students would become better in the classroom. By having the parents on the teacher's side, the teacher can know that by stating a disciplinary action, the parent will usually back them. By having the parent back them, the student will be more likely to listen to what the teacher has to say.

            The reason that I selected this theory was because after reading all of the other theories, behaviorism best describes why and how to handle this type of situation. I truly believe that the reason students act out is that they have other problems that are going on in their lives that they do not receive the adequate attention that they seek out for. The behavior that the student displays to the class and the teacher is in a way, the student yelling for help by being disruptive. The students are in need of someone to pay attention to them. They want to help them, without the student having to ask for it.  

            Before choosing behaviorism, I was considering, Socio cultural theory. This theory has an area focus on "Social content, expressed through people, language and customs." (Berger, 2015, p. 62) Socio cultural theory still can be used for this type of challenge and behavior. This theory believes that some aspects of a culture are contributed by the parents. Meaning, that if the parents act a certain way, then their children will be more keen to acting the same way. Students/children often mimic people that they look up to. This can be anyone in the person's life that has value to the student/child.

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