Week 8 & 9 - Developmental
25 March 2011
In your own words, discuss each of the following in detail. Give in-depth answers that are well thought though… not just simple one liners!!! Back up what you say with supporting details from sociology. This is not merely your opinions, but rather your perspectives supported with and based in sociological principles.
1. Define and give examples of “Rites of Passage.”
2. What is the difference between physiology and psychology?
3. What is the difference between ethics and morality?
4. What is the difference between authoritative and authoritarianism?
5. List in order and explain each of the phases of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Give examples of each stage.
6. Explain the following using Freud’s theory: What would Freud say is the problem with a person who is constantly eating… smoking… or putting something in her mouth? What fixation does she have? What is the libido focus? What is the major development that she is going through?
7. Give the stages of Lawrence Kohlberg’s Moral Development and explain each. Give examples as necessary.
8. What is the best way to promote and encourage moral development? Support your answer with Erikson’s developmental theory and also Kohlberg’s moral development.
9. Helping a friend with a test scenario: Imagine that you are taking the Alabama High School Graduation Exam. You are very confident and feel like you are really doing a fantastic job with the material. You know that you will pass and that you will totally ace this test. At the same time, a friend of yours – who happens to be a senior – is also taking the test. This is your friend’s last chance to pass this test before graduation happens. He has failed it 9 times already. The problem is that your friend is really struggling. You look over and see the panic on his face. The way your desks are positioned would make it very easy from your friend to see your answers. What do you do? Why? What are the consequences? What are the rewards? For your answers… give what stage of Kohlberg’s moral development you would be operating from.
10. Heinz Steals the Drug scenario: In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $ 1,000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it." So Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug-for his wife. Should the husband have done that?