Sociology Test 12 & 13 - 21Apr2011

Sociology / Test 12 & 13 – Sociological Aspects of Religion / 21 April 2011

Define the following in YOUR OWN words and with COMPLETE SENTENCES. Your answers should show a deep level of thought. Do not assume that the teacher knows what you are talking about… EXPLAIN IT!

  1. Define: Animism
  2. Define: Mysticism
  3. Define: Tanakh
  4. Define: Kosher
  5. Define: Halacha
  6. Define: Sharia Law
  7. Define: Buddha
  8. Define: Bodhisattva
  9. Define: Karma
  10. Explain the difference between monotheism and polytheism. Provide an example of each also.
  11. What is religion? In your own words explain the various aspects of “religion.” Be sure to look at Durkheim’s perspectives.
  12. In 1905, Max Weber wrote that “capitalism would not have been possible without Protestantism because Protestantism stressed the importance of work as an end in itself, of personal frugality, and of worldly success as a means of confirming one’s salvation and as evidence of God’s favor.” What does this mean?
  13. Discuss the following statements based in “Conflict Approach” (Karl Marx): “Religion can only be understood in context of economic systems in that it allows for the exploitation of the poor and segregation. Additionally, religion is the opiate of the masses.” Explain your answer in depth and provide concrete support from the social sciences.
  14. Can we understand Saudi Arabia, Iraq, or Afghanistan without understanding Islam? Why is this so? Give factual support for your answer and also offer an example.
  15. Why do you think that people are “religious?” Explain in a complete paragraph and tie your answer into sociology, psychology, history, or any other academic subject. Basically, give an educated fact based response… not a rambling opinion.
  16. Discuss the following statement: “religion explains the unexplainable.”
  17. Discuss the following statement: “religion in many ways has lost its mythical and mystical elements and has rather become a gatekeeper of morals, values, and ethics.”
  18. Describe the origins and basic beliefs of Judaism
  19. Describe the origins and basic beliefs of Islam
  20. List and explain the 4 fold path in of Buddhism; then list the 8 noble truths and provide an explanation of each of them. Don’t merely copy and paste the answers from the notes… EXPLAIN them!