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EDUL 6369 - outline

Department of Educational Leadership

Dr. Pablo Martinez  e-mail: pablomartinez@myway.com

EDUL 6369 – Administration Technology in Schools

Discuss the following concepts:

Section I. Basic Concepts and Foundations, 1

Chapter 1. Introduction to Technology and Planning, 2

Purpose, 4

The Potential in Primary and Secondary Schools, 5

The Beginning Years, 6

Steady Progress in Administrative Systems, 7

Instructional Systems Show Promise, 8

The Need for Planning, 10

The Systems Approach, 11

Organization, 11

Summary, 12

Key Concepts and Questions, 12

Suggested Activities, 12

References, 13

Chapter 2. Basic Concepts of Planning, 14

Planning Fundamentals, 15

Schools as Social Systems, 16

Evaluating the Bottom Line: The Social Process and Rational Models, 17

Common Elements of Educational Planning, 19

Comprehensiveness, 19

Collaboration, 19

Commitment, 19

Continuity, 20

Planning for Technology, 20

Taking a Positive Attitude to Evaluation, 22

Administrative and Instructional Applications, 25

Planning for Administrative Applications, 25

Planning for Instructional Applications, 28

Case Study, 30

Summary, 32

Key Concepts and Questions, 32

Suggested Activities, 33

References, 33

Chapter 3. Technology, Learning, and Equity Issues, 35

Technocentric Education, 36

When Should Computer Education Begin?, 38

Special Education, 39

Gender Issues, 41

Digital Divide Issues, 43

Case Study, 46

Summary, 46

Key Concepts and Questions, 47

Suggested Activities, 47

References, 47

Section II. Technology in Action, 51

Chapter 4. Technology for School Leadership, 52

Knowledge Is Power, 53

The Age of Knowledge, 53

Databases, 54

Electronic Spreadsheets, 58

Office Automation, 62

Specialized Administrative Applications, 64

Integrating It All Together: Data-Driven Decision Making, 65

Case Study, 65

Summary, 66

Key Concepts and Questions, 67

Suggested Activities, 67

References, 67

Chapter 5. Wisdom and Data-Driven Decision Making, 68

Defining Data-Driven Decision Making, 69

Information Infrastructure, 70

Hardware for Effective Data Management and Access, 72

Software for Data Management and Analysis, 73

People, Decision Making, and the Social Nature of Information, 74

The Data Analyst, 75

Data-Driven Decision Making Applications, 76

School Enrollment Projections, 76

Improving Teaching and Learning, 78

The Anatomy of a Survey, 82

Evaluation and Nurturing the Process, 89

Summary, 89

Key Concepts and Questions, 90

Suggested Activities, 90

References, 90

Chapter 6. Technology in Instruction, 91

Instructional Computing: A New Beginning, 92

Instructional Computing: Some History, 93

A Brief Review of the Research, 94

Defining Technology’s Role: A Touch of Philosophy, 97

Classification Systems and Definitions of Terms, 97

Instructional Software Tools, 98

Basic Technology Tools, 98

Learning Tools, 102

Programming and Authoring Tools, 104

Integrated Learning Systems, 106

Multimedia: A Brief Word, 107

Data Communications, 107

Curriculum Integration and Planning, 108

Case Study, 109

Summary, 111

Key Concepts and Questions, 111

Suggested Activities, 112

References, 112

Chapter 7. Multimedia in Education, 115

Multimedia Defined, 116

Multimedia for Multiple Intelligences, 117

Multimedia Literacy, 118

Multimedia Technology, 120

Five Levels of Digital Media, 121

The Evolution of Video Technology, 122

Multimedia Software, 124

Authoring, 124

Image, Video, and Sound Editing, 124

Digital Animation, 124

Multimedia for Teaching and Learning, 125

Multimedia Resources and Copyrights, 127

Media Distribution Systems—Whiteboards, 128

Case Study, 129

Summary, 130

Key Concepts and Questions, 131

Suggested Activities, 131

References, 132

Chapter 8. Data Communications, the Internet, and Educational Applications, 133

Data Communications in the Schools, 135

The Internet, 136

A Brief History, 136

The Internet Today, 137

The Future of the Internet, 138

The World Wide Web, 140

Protocols and Client Servers, 141

Uniform Resource Locator, 141

Web Browsers and Search Engines, 143

Commercial Online Services, 144

Applications on the Internet, 145

Multimedia and the Web, 148

Designing Multimedia for Web-Based Learning, 148

Desktop Videoconferencing, 149

The Internet and Education, 150

Global E-Mail, 150

Information Navigation, 150

Creating Web Sites, 151

Blogging on the Web, 152

Course Management Software, 153

The Internet and Distance Learning, 156

Summary, 157

Key Concepts and Questions, 157

Suggested Activities, 158

References, 158

Chapter 9. Distance Learning, 159

Distance Learning Defined, 160

Distance Learning Technologies: A Quick Overview, 161

Blended Learning, 164

The Extent of Distance Learning in K–12 Education, 167

Designing Instructional Materials: A Comparison of Distance Learning Models, 169

The Interactive Videoconference, 172

Asynchronous Learning Using the Internet and World Wide Web, 173

Blended Learning Course, 175

Distance Learning Providers, 177

Distance Learning: Some Issues, 178

The Future of K–12 Distance Learning, 181

Case Study, 182

Summary, 183

Key Concepts and Questions, 183

Suggested Activities, 183

References, 184

Section III. Planning and Implementation, 185

Chapter 10. Hardware and Software Evaluation, 186

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions, 187

A Look at Hardware, 187

A Look at Software, 189

Hardware Evaluation Criteria, 190

Performance, 191

Compatibility, 194

Modularity/Expandability, 194

Ergonomics, 195

Software Availability, 196

Vendor, 196

Cost, 197

Software Evaluation Criteria, 197

Efficiency, 198

Ease of Use, 199

Documentation, 199

Hardware Requirements, 200

Vendor, 201

Cost, 201

Issues in Evaluating Hardware, 202

Evaluating Hardware for Administrative Applications, 202

Evaluating Hardware for Instructional Applications, 203

Mainframes and Servers, 203

Bulk Purchasing, State Contracts, and Life Cycles, 204

Issues in Evaluating Software, 205

Administrative Software Evaluation, 205

Instructional Software Evaluation, 207

Open Source Software, 208

Software Life Cycles, 211

Case Study, 211

Summary, 212

Key Concepts and Questions, 213

Suggested Activities, 213

References, 213

Chapter 11. People, Technology, and Professional Development, 214

A Long Way to Go, 215

The Professional Development Planning Model, 217

Who Learns?, 217

Different Alternatives for Different Needs, 218

Designing and Implementing Effective Professional Development Programs, 220

Hands-On Activities, 220

One-on-One Coaching, 221

Training the Trainer, 221

Teachers Need Equipment, Too!, 222

Incentives, 222

Evaluation and Review, 223

A Continuous Process, 223

Resources, 224

Case Study, 225

Summary, 226

Key Concepts and Questions, 226

Suggested Activities, 227

References, 227

Chapter 12. Facilities, Policies, and Procedures, 228

Getting Bigger, 229

Staffing and Administration, 229

Central Laboratories, 232

Physical Environment, 233

Facilities for Administrative Applications, 233

Facilities for Instructional Applications, 234

Data Communications Facilities and Information Infrastructure, 236

Hardware Maintenance, 239

Making Repairs, 239

Providing Preventive Maintenance, 240

Upgrading, 240

Software Maintenance and Distribution, 240

Policies, Procedures, and Documentation, 242

Policies, 242

Procedures, 243

Documentation, 243

Security, 244

The Helping Place, 245

Case Study, 246

Summary, 246

Key Concepts and Questions, 247

Suggested Activities, 247

References, 247

Chapter 13. Financial Planning for Technology, 248

Technology Can Be Expensive, 249

The Cost-Effectiveness of Technology, 250

A Time Line for Financial Planning, 251

The Budget Worksheet, 253

A Budget Model and Total Cost of Ownership, 255

Special Considerations of Budgeting for Computer Applications, 257

Opting for Centralized or Decentralized Computer Facilities, 257

Hiring a Consultant, 258

Standardizing on a Common Vendor, 259

Hardware First, Other Needs Later?, 259

Choosing a Purchasing Plan, 259

Sources of Funds, 260

The School District Budget, 260

Bond Issues, 261

Governmental Entities, 261

Gifts and Grants, 262

Case Study, 263

Summary, 264

Key Concepts and Questions, 265

Suggested Activities, 265

References, 265

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